University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Carry On Icelandic: Culture [selections] (2004)

Previous Previous section

Next section Next



 

Jaršhiti - Geothermal Energy

Jaršhiti

Landiš er aušugt af jaršhita og eru laugar og hverir vķša um landiš. Sumir žessara hvera gjósa og er Geysir ķ Haukadal žeirra fręgastur. Hiš alžjóšlega hugtak geyser er dregiš af nafni hans.

Vatnsmesti hver Evrópu, Deildartunguhver ķ Borgarfirši, gefur 180 l/s af 97°C heitu vatni. Hann sér Akranesi og Borgarnesi fyrir heitu vatni til hśshitunar.

Hitaveitur eru nś vķša um land og sjį 80% žjóšarinnar fyrir heitu vatni til žvotta og hśshitunar. Žį er jaršhitinn nżttur til ręktunar og ķ gróšurhśsum, sem hituš eru meš jaršvarma, eru ręktašar żmiss konar erlendar tegundir įvaxta og gręnmetis, s.s. tómatar, gśrkur og jafnvel bananar, auk alls kyns jurta. Žį er jaršvarmi einnig nżttur viš fiskeldi.

Frį fornu fari hefur lauga- og hveravatn veriš notaš til žvotta og baša. Snorralaug ķ Reykholti er t.d. talin hlašin į 13. öld aš frumkvęši Snorra Sturlusonar.

Color photograph

Snorralaug ķ Reykholti (Snorralaug in Reykholt).

Helsti sundstašur Reykvķkinga, Laugardalslaugin, er viš Žvottalaugarnar ķ Reykjavķk, žar sem reykvķskar konur žvošu įšur žvotta sķna. Žaš var įšur en heitt vatn var leitt ķ hśs en žaš var einmitt viš Žvottalaugarnar sem fyrst var boraš eftir heitu vatni til hśshitunar įriš 1928.

Geothermal Energy

Iceland has a plentiful supply of geothermal energy and pools and hot springs are widely spread around the country. Some of the hot springs gush, of which "Geysir" in Haukadalur is the most famous. Indeed, the international concept of a geyser is drawn from the name of this hot spring.

The most voluminous hot spring in Europe, the "Deildartunguhver" in Borgarfjöršur, produces 180 litres of hot water (97°C) per second. It provides the hot water that is used to heat houses in Akranes and Borgarnes.

This kind of hot water supply is now used widely throughout Iceland, providing 80% of the population with hot water for washing and central heating. Geothermal heat is also used for cultivation purposes. Greenhouses are heated by geothermal energy, where various varieties of fruit and vegetables are grown, for instance tomatoes, cucumbers, even bananas, as well as all kinds of plant life. Geothermal heat is sometimes used for fish farming.

From the earliest times, hot pools and spring water have been used to wash and bathe. For instance, "Snorralaug" in Reykholt is thought to have been built during the thirteenth-century on the initiative of the chieftain Snorri Sturluson.

The largest swimming pool in Reykjavķk, Laugardalslaug, is located by the "Washing Pools", that is "Žvottalaugarnar", where the women of Reykjavķk once washed their laundry. This was before hot water was supplied to houses, and it was the hot water around the "Žvottalaugarnar" that, in 1928, was first used for central heating.

Previous Previous section

Next section Next




Go up to Top of Page