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Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Carry On Icelandic: Culture [selections] (2004)

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JafnrÚttismßl - Equal Rights

JafnrÚttismßl

═slenskar konur voru Ý svipa­ri st÷­u og kynsystur ■eirra Ý nßlŠgum l÷ndum allt fram ß sÝ­ustu ÷ld hva­ mannrÚttindi var­ar. KvenrÚttindafÚlag ═slands var stofna­ 1907. ┴ri­ eftir voru konur Ý fyrsta sinn kj÷rgengar til bŠjarstjˇrnarkosningar. ┴ri­ 1915 fengu konur kosningarÚtt me­ skilyr­um en me­ stjˇrnarskrßnni 1918 fengu ■Šr kosningarÚtt og kj÷rgengi a­ fullu ß vi­ karlmenn. Snemma var fari­ a­ krefjast s÷mu launa fyrir s÷mu vinnu en s˙ barßtta hefur reynst bŠ­i l÷ng og str÷ng.

Color photograph

TvÝmennt ß hestbaki (Double riding on horseback).

M÷rg stˇr skref hafa ■ˇ veri­ stigin til a­ auka jafnrÚtti kynjanna frß ■vÝ a­ konur fengu kosningarÚtt. ┴hersla er l÷g­ ß a­ jafnrÚttismßl ■urfi a­ vera vi­fangsefni beggja kynja, enda hljˇti bŠ­i kynin a­ njˇta gˇ­s af auknu jafnrÚtti Ý samfÚlaginu. Leitast er vi­ a­ gera bŠ­i konum og k÷rlum kleift a­ samrŠma fj÷lskyldu- og atvinnulÝf. Me­ fe­raorlofi, kynhlutlausu starfsmati, jafnrÚttisnefnd, framkvŠmdaߊtlun Ý jafnrÚttismßlum og ßtaki til a­ vinna a­ aukinni ■ßttt÷ku kvenna Ý stjˇrnmßlum hefur veri­ unni­ a­ ■vÝ a­ tryggja raunverulegt jafnrÚtti karla og kvenna.

Equal Rights

As regards human rights, Icelandic women were in a similar position as their sisters in nearby countries through to the last century. The Women's Rights Association of Iceland was established in 1907. A year later women were, for the first time, eligible to run for town council elections. In 1915, women gained a conditional right to vote and, with the Constitution of 1918, they gained voting rights and eligibility for election fully commensurate with men. Soon after, demands began for equal pay for equal work, but that struggle has proved to be both long and difficult.

However, as a result of women gaining franchise many important steps have been taken to increase equal rights for women. It has been stressed that equal rights must be a concern of both sexes, in that both the sexes benefit from an improvement in equal rights in society. Attempts are made to make it possible for both men and women to co-ordinate their family lives with work. With paternity leave, non-discriminatory job application procedures, management plans in equal rights, and efforts to increase the participation of women in politics, work has been done to guarantee real equality between men and women.

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