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Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Carry On Icelandic: Culture [selections] (2004)

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Įr og vötn - Rivers and Lakes

Įr og vötn

Įr į Ķslandi eru fjölmargar. Annars vegar eru jökulįr meš gruggugu vatni sem eiga upptök sķn ķ jöklum. Hins vegar bergvatnsįr meš tęru vatni. Įrnar eru fremur vatnsmiklar vegna mikillar śrkomu į landinu.

Laxveišar eru vinsęlt sport ķ ķslenskum įm. Žęr eru dżrt sport og einkum stundašar af efnašri Ķslendingum og rķkum śtlendingum. Gętir nokkurrar óįnęgju mešal ķslenskra sportveišimanna vegna hins hįa veršlags į veišileyfum.

Sošinn lax ķ kryddsósu

Einkennandi fyrir ķslenskt landslag eru hinir fjölmörgu fossar landsins. Žekktastur žeirra er Dettifoss (44 m), vatnsmesti foss Evrópu. Ašrir žekktir fossar eru Gullfoss (32 m), og Skógafoss (60 m).

Color photograph

Gullfoss ķ Hvķtį (Gullfoss (Gold Waterfall) in Hvķtį (White River)).

Mörg vötn eru į Ķslandi en flest žeirra eru lķtil. Stęrst er Žingvallavatn ķ Įrnessżslu (84 km2). Žaš myndašist viš misgengi jaršlaga og liggur ķ miklum sigdal. Tvęr eyjar eru į vatninu, Sandey og Nesjaey. Mikil sumarbśstašabyggš er viš vatniš.

Mżvatn ķ Sušur-Žingeyjarsżslu į Noršurlandi er žekkt um allan heim fyrir stórkostlegt landslag og aušugt fuglalķf, m.a. er žar eitt mesta andavarp ķ heimi. Žar verpa allar ķslenskar andategundir, žeirra į mešal hśsönd en hśn verpir hvergi annars stašar ķ Evrópu. Hraun umlykur vatniš į alla vegu og eru strendur žess mjög vogskornar. Mikil veiši er ķ Mżvatni og lķfrķki žess afar fjölskrśšugt.

Rivers and Lakes

Iceland does have a great many rivers. On the one hand, there are glacial rivers (they have their origin in the glaciers) that are characterized by turbid waters. On the other hand, there are fresh water rivers with clean water. Because of the high level of precipitation in Iceland, the rivers tend to be quite heavy.

Icelandic rivers are a popular location for salmon fishing. It is an expensive sport, chiefly pursued by better-off Icelanders and rich foreigners. There is a deal of dissatisfaction amongst Icelandic fisherman on account of the high fishing costs.

One very distinctive feature of the Icelandic landscape is the large number of waterfalls. The most famous of these is Dettifoss (44m), the most voluminous waterfall in Europe. Gullfoss (32m) and Skógafoss (60m) are other well-known Icelandic waterfalls.

There are a large number of lakes in Iceland, most of them small. The largest is Žingvallavatn in the Įrnessżsla district (84km2). It was formed as a result of a fault in the earth's strata and lies in what may be described as a large fallen valley. There are two islands on the lake, Sandey Island and Nesjaey Island, and many summerhouses are built on and around the lake's shores.

Mżvatn, in the Sušur-Žingeyarsżsla district in the north of Iceland, is known throughout the world for its magnificent landscape and rich bird life: this includes one of the largest nesting areas for ducks in the world. All the Icelandic species of duck lay eggs in the area, among them the "hśsönd" (the golden eye duck, lit. the house duck), which nests in no other part of Europe. The lake is surrounded by lava on all sides, and the shoreline is very jagged. A large amount of fishing is done on the lake. It is has an abundant and diverse wildlife.

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