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Icelandic Online Dictionary and Readings

Carry On Icelandic: Culture [selections] (2004)

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Land elds. . . - Land of Fire. . .

Land elds. . .

"A undanfrnu hefur stai yfir umbrotahrina Mrdalsjkli og segja vsindamenn a greinilega s um aukna jarhitavirkni a ra undir jklinum og telja vst a eldgos s nsta leiti."

Frttir bor vi essa eru nsta algengar slenskum fjlmilum, enda hefur landi nr allt myndast vi jarelda og hafa ori gos a mealtali fimm ra fresti sgulegum tma slandi. Virkar eldstvar skipta hundruum.

Color photograph

ri 1973 gaus Heimaey Vestmannaeyjum og fru mrg barhs undir hraun. (In 1973there was an eruption in Heimaey and many houses were buried under lava).

sland er meal virkustu eldfjallalanda heims og hafa eldgos tum valdi miklu tjni byggum og grurlendi landsins sgulegum tma. Miki tjn var 1973 egar gaus Heimaey Vestmannaeyjum me eim afleiingum a fjrungur bjarins lagist eyi og atvinnurekstur stvaist nr heilt r.

Af fjlmrgum eldstvum landsins er Hekla Rangrvallasslu ekktust. Tali er a Hekla hafi gosi 16 sinnum eftir landnm, fyrst 1104 en a gos lagi jrsrdal eyi. 20. ld gaus etta virka eldfjall fimm sinnum. Hekla gs bi gjsku og hrauni og hefur gjskan valdi miklu tjni grri aldanna rs. mildum st mnnum stuggur af henni v hn var talin vera dyr helvtis. Hekla gaus sast ri 2000.

Land of Fire. . .

"Of late, watch has been kept on disturbances in Mrdalsjkull, with scientists saying that there is clearly an increase in the geothermal activity under the glacier. They believe it is certain to erupt in the near future."

News of this kind is almost commonplace in the Icelandic media, as nearly all of the country has been formed by volcanic eruption and, during Iceland's recorded history, eruptions have occurred on an average of once in every five years. Active volcanoes number in the hundreds.

Iceland is amongst the most active volcanic countries of the world. During Iceland's history, volcanoes have often been responsible for great damage to dwellings and farming lands. Extensive destruction was caused by the 1973 eruption on Heimaey Island (in the Vestmannaeyjar), forcing one quarter of the town to be abandoned and business activities to be halted for almost an entire year.

Of all the volcanoes in the country, Hekla in the Rangrvellir district is the most famous. It is believed that Hekla has erupted 16 times since Icelandic settlement, the first in 1104 when it laid waste to jrsrdalur. During the twentieth-century, the volcano erupted five times. Its eruptions consist of both tephra and lava, and they have caused enormous damage to vegetation over the centuries. During the medieval period, Hekla was feared because it was thought to be the entrance to hell. It last erupted in 2000.

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