Land elds. . . - Land of Fire. . .
Land elds. . .
"Aš undanförnu hefur stašiš yfir umbrotahrina ķ Mżrdalsjökli og segja vķsindamenn aš greinilega sé um aukna jaršhitavirkni aš ręša undir jöklinum og telja vķst aš eldgos sé į nęsta leiti."
Fréttir į borš viš žessa eru nęsta algengar ķ ķslenskum fjölmišlum, enda hefur landiš nęr allt myndast viš jaršelda og hafa oršiš gos aš mešaltali į fimm įra fresti į sögulegum tķma į Ķslandi. Virkar eldstöšvar skipta hundrušum.
Įriš 1973 gaus ķ Heimaey ķ Vestmannaeyjum og fóru mörg ķbśšarhśs undir hraun. (In 1973there was an eruption in Heimaey and many houses were buried under lava).
Ķsland er mešal virkustu eldfjallalanda heims og hafa eldgos tķšum valdiš miklu tjóni ķ byggšum og į gróšurlendi landsins į sögulegum tķma. Mikiš tjón varš 1973 žegar gaus ķ Heimaey ķ Vestmannaeyjum meš žeim afleišingum aš fjóršungur bęjarins lagšist ķ eyši og atvinnurekstur stöšvašist ķ nęr heilt įr.
Af fjölmörgum eldstöšvum landsins er Hekla ķ Rangįrvallasżslu žekktust. Tališ er aš Hekla hafi gosiš 16 sinnum eftir landnįm, fyrst 1104 en žaš gos lagši Žjórsįrdal ķ eyši. Į 20. öld gaus žetta virka eldfjall fimm sinnum. Hekla gżs bęši gjósku og hrauni og hefur gjóskan valdiš miklu tjóni į gróšri ķ aldanna rįs. Į mišöldum stóš mönnum stuggur af henni žvķ hśn var talin vera dyr helvķtis. Hekla gaus sķšast įriš 2000.
Land of Fire. . .
"Of late, watch has been kept on disturbances in Mżrdalsjökull, with scientists saying that there is clearly an increase in the geothermal activity under the glacier. They believe it is certain to erupt in the near future."
News of this kind is almost commonplace in the Icelandic media, as nearly all of the country has been formed by volcanic eruption and, during Iceland's recorded history, eruptions have occurred on an average of once in every five years. Active volcanoes number in the hundreds.
Iceland is amongst the most active volcanic countries of the world. During Iceland's history, volcanoes have often been responsible for great damage to dwellings and farming lands. Extensive destruction was caused by the 1973 eruption on Heimaey Island (in the Vestmannaeyjar), forcing one quarter of the town to be abandoned and business activities to be halted for almost an entire year.
Of all the volcanoes in the country, Hekla in the Rangįrvellir district is the most famous. It is believed that Hekla has erupted 16 times since Icelandic settlement, the first in 1104 when it laid waste to Žjórsįrdalur. During the twentieth-century, the volcano erupted five times. Its eruptions consist of both tephra and lava, and they have caused enormous damage to vegetation over the centuries. During the medieval period, Hekla was feared because it was thought to be the entrance to hell. It last erupted in 2000.
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