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Shover, Edna Mann / Art in costume design: practical suggestions for those interested in art, sewing, history and literature

Chapter VIII: The occident during the Middle Ages: the Gothic period,   pp. [100]-120 PDF (6.3 MB)

Page 101

which will inspire them to levelop their mental and moral powers as 
well as their physical stature and they will rapidly change and 
improve. This development naturally influences the styles of cos- 
tumes and designs. 
    The names of the periods in art vary from the name of a country 
as Egyptian and Greek, to that of a city as Roman and Byzantine, 
from the name of a capital to that of a religious sect, Saracens, and 
from the followers of the Prophet to the style of architecture chiefly 
used for Christian churches or castles, the Gothic. While designs in 
architecture of the Gothic period were imitations of lions rampant, 
dragons, shields and interlacing bands, those of the costumes were 
the same or similar; while the great spires were being put on the 
churches and all architecture seemed to be growing to a point ap- 
proaching the very heavens, the women's hats became ornamental 
spireswith which to decorate the head, and the toes of the shoes for 
the men were approaching the same pointed form. 
    The people of Europe were a strong, well-built race. There were 
so many different types that might be described as typical of this 
age, that it is difficult to limit the descriptions. The character, 
perhaps, most typical of the time is the Knight in Armor and the 
Coat of Arms. The Lady of the Tournament in her short or long- 
waisted garment, wearing mantle or cape, high hat draped with a 
veil, made a very attractive figure. The persons of the Guilds or the 
Craftsmen were other interesting types, while those of the Church 
who wore the Ecclesiastical robes were still different in appearance. 
The Knight. A tall, well-proportioned knight with head erect and 
shoulders squared, as if to meet any emergency, with only ribbons or a 
feather flowing from his helmet or the drapery of some handsome 

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