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Hicks, Ada / Garment construction in schools
(1913)

Part IV: Typical faults in the making up of garments by children,   pp. [163]-169 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 164

 
GARMENT CONSTRUCTION IN SCHOOLS 
discover the fault and its cause, and finally to suggest how it can be remedied
in the particular case under review. 
    Though the teaching should give instruction on " knotty " points,
to be 
of the utmost value it should always be such as to call forth from the child
a reasonable amount of judgment. 
    The child must learn to become less and less dependent, and all experienced
teachers recognise that during the process mistakes are inevitable. 
    The majority of the faults in the work of beginners are, of course, due
to lack of experience, and the following are typical of these: 
    i. Faulty Seams. These are more often due to the novelty of handling
a long length of seam than to poor sewing, e.g. in the felling of a curved
seam, 
as in the legs of knickers or under the arms in chemises, the stitches are
often 
found to be nearly upright, the little worker not having discovered the need
for frequent re-adjustment of the hand. 
    The bagginess at the back of seams, too, may be attributed to the unusual
amount of material to be held in the hand. The child is so engrossed with
the 
management of this, that inspection of the right side to see that it is flat
is forgotten. 
    These are both faults where a word of warning and, if possible, a peep
at a poorly-worked seam contrasted with one well done, may save much 
childish discouragement. 
    2. Badly-fixed Hems. In fixing the wider hems of garments, such as 
those at the bottom of pinafores, petticoats, etc., children often neglect
to 
make the seam in the fold for the hem correspond with the seam in the gar-
ment, with the result that the bottom edge is thus made more or less askew.
    This should all be avoided by firmly pinning the hem at the seams first,
and then for further security, pinning in between once or more if the hem
be 
a long one. 
    In the case of gored garments, such as chemises or night-dresses, the
necessity for pleating or "easing in " at each side of the seam
must be made 
apparent. Even .when provided with paper measures, children will often 
make crooked folds when fixing hems, tucks, etc., and where not caused through
carelessness, the reason is often to be found in the handling of the measure.
It is not kept at right angles to the edge of the hem. 
164 


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