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Shover, Edna Mann / Art in costume design: practical suggestions for those interested in art, sewing, history and literature

Chapter V: Roman,   pp. [59]-71 PDF (3.5 MB)

Page 68

and more excessive elaboration. Many of the artists of this time 
being Greek, it was no uncommon thing to find pure Greek patterns on 
Roman costumes. This is why many are confused when studying the 
Greek and Roman styles. One should remember that, during the 
Greek period, the Greeks made designs which satisfied the simple, 
aesthetic taste of their countrymen; while during the Roman period, 
the Greeks who were employed by the Romans as teachers or design- 
ers, endeavored to please the pompous, wealth-loving Romans with 
more elaborate ornament. 
The Roman Scroll. With the scroll designs the same lines of con- 
struction and the same motifs, the acanthus, anthemion, laurel and 
olive are used as before. The main spiral lines of the scroll are made 
more elaborate by a greater amount of foliage and the acanthus 
leaves are slightly changed because they have round edges in place of 
pointed ones. (Illustrations 15 and 17.) 
    The rolls of parchment, called "volumina" or manuscripts, 
fastened on rods, were often spoken of as the Roman scrolls. These 
are found in the designs, either tightly rolled or left open ready for 
the reader. 
The Roman Rosette. The beautiful rosettes or designs made after 
the form of a rose, are found on the Roman jewelry, in the borders for 
costumes, in many scroll patterns, and all kinds of decorations 
especially characteristic of this period. (Illustrations 15 and 17.) 
Horse and Chariot. Many of the scrolls and rosette patterns are 
found as decorations of the chariots and the trappings for the horses. 

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