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The Day's food in war and peace
([ca.1918])

Lesson IX: [The childrens food],   pp. 99-108 PDF (2.9 MB)


Page 99

LESSON IX. 
Simple, clean, wholesome food of the right kinds fed to children 
in proper quantities and combinations will go further than almost 
any other single factor in assuring them normal health and sturdy 
development. 
There is a real danger in attempting food conservation in the feed- 
ing of children without such a knowledge of food as will show what 
changes may safely be made. For the sake of the Nation as well as 
the individual, children must grow up well and strong. 
Milk is the most important food for children. Every child under 
6 should have a quart of milk a day if possible. Without milk it is 
hard to get the right kind of material to build the body and to keep 
the child in health. Skim milk is better than no milk at all, but if it 
is used butter or other fat must take the place of the cream in the 
whole milk. 
Children should have either fruit or vegetables, preferably both, 
every day. Very little children may be given orange juice; a year- 
old child may have spinach cooked and put through a sieve; 2-year- 
old children may have soups of vegetable pulp and milk; and a 
healthy child between 3 and 6 may have almost any vegetable that he 
'will chew thoroughly. Potatoes may be used freely. Every child 
should be given some cereal, in the form of well cooked breakfast 
cereal, well baked brea4, or simple desserts, every day. 
Bread and butter, whole cereals, and whole milk give all that the 
body needs for growth; beside this, fruits and vegetables are needed 
to give bulk. 
Children need fats; but they are better uncooked, except bacon. 
Older children who have one-third of a quart to a quart of whole 
milk daily may use a butter substitute in place of butter, if it is neces-
sary. 
Sugar and sweets are valuable fuel foods, but children are liable 
to eat too much of them. They should be used as dessert after a good 
meal instead of before it. 
A young child may be considered well fed if he has plenty of 
milk, bread, and other cereal food; an egg once a day or its equiva- 
lent in flesh foods; a small portion each of carefully prepared fruits 
and vegetables, with a small amount of sweet food after his appetite 
for other foods is satisfied. If there is too much or too little of any 
of these, his diet is one sided. 


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