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Butterick Publishing Company / The new dressmaker; with complete and fully illustrated instructions on every point connected with sewing, dressmaking and tailoring, from the actual stitches to the cutting, making, altering, mending, and cleaning of clothes for ladies, misses, girls, children, infants, men and boys
([1921])

Chapter 35: Washing clothes,   p. 160 PDF (298.1 KB)


Page 160

 
CHAPTER 35 
                            WASHING CLOTHES 
          Setting Colors-Washing Thin Cr6pes-Beaded Garments-Corduroy- 
                             Turkish Toweling or Ratine 
re SET COLORS IN WASH MATERIALS. Different colors must be set by differ-
     ent methods. Green, blue, purple and also mauve or lavender can be set
by soaking 
     for a short time in alum water. Use about an ounce of alum to a gallon
of water. 
Blue, pink and most red materials can be set by soaking in salt water, using
a large table- 
spoonful of salt to about a gallon of water. 
  To set the color in brown, tan and deep yellow, use about a cupful of vinegar
to a gallon 
of water and soak the material in it. Black cotton materials and black-and-white
mate- 
rials may be soaked in strong salt water or a little turpentine may be added
to the water. 
  Yellow and the lighter shades of tan can be brightened when they become
faded, by 
adding a little strong coffee to the rinsing water. 
  WASHING THIN CRE.PE-S. Oily streaks at neck and wrists should be removed
with 
gasoline before washing. Use warm water, Ivory Soap, Lux, Fairy or Borax,
or any soap 
that is not too strong with lye. (Professionals use a mixture of salts of
tartar and borax- 
half and half in warm water.) Do not rub, but after a good suds is made dip
the gar- 
ment in it and squeeze the suds through the garment. Thoroughly rinse in
several waters 
so that not one particle of soap suds is left on the garment. Do not wring
water out, 
squeeze it. Shake it out and wrap up until nearly dry. Iron on the wrong
side with a 
warm, not hot, iron. Iron crosswise of the material, stretching a little
as you iron. 
  Remember Georgette cr-pe or any thin crýpe is liable to part or
give way on the cross- 
wise strands, so don't be rough with it. 
  Colors are usually fast. 
  TO WASH A BEADED GARMENT use the same method as for thin crepes. Never
put a beaded garment through-a wringer for it would break the beads. Lay
the garment 
right side down on a Turkish towel or soft pressing pad so as not to break
the beads in 
pressing. Embroidered garments should be pressed in this way also as the
design will 
appear more raised and less flattened than if pressed on a hard surface.
  TO WASH CORDUROY make suds of lukewarm water, Ivory Soap or Lux, or soap
not strong with lye. Move the corduroy up and down in it, rubbing any spots
gently 
with the hands. Rinse thoroughly in clear lukewarm water and lightly squeeze
as much 
moisture as possible out with the hands. Never rub on a board or pass through
a wringer, 
as this injures the nap. Hang in the air until dry, or when almost dry, lay
face down on 
a Turkish towel or soft pressing pad, and press lightly; be careful to press
with the nap. 
  TO WASH RATINE OR TURKISH TOWELING, make a suds and move the material 
up and down in it. Do not rub it, but just squeeze it. The dirt will drop
out, as the 
weave is open. Rinse thoroughly. Squeeze out as much water as possible with
your 
hands. Never wring it. Hang it up in the air and let it dry. In pressing,
thoroughly 
dampen this material and while it is damp pull out all of the wrinkles. Press
lightly 
on a padded board with a cloth over the material until it is thoroughly dry.
Then 
brush it thoroughly with a whisk broom, being careful not to pull it. 
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