Lawrence, Edward W.
Escapee program, pp. 6-8 PDF (1.9 MB)
(Left) Paul Viboch, newspaper editor and former member of Czechoslovak parliament, and his family wait at Munich airport to board plane for US. (Right) Kindergarten children at Valka Camp in Bavaria enjoy modern washing facilities. A FEW typical examples of the humanitarian assistance A provided in the form of care and maintenance may be seen in Greece where escapees resident in the Greek Govern- ment refugee installation at Lavrion were all provided with new shoes, in Austria where the basic ration provided by the Austria Government to escapees has been augmented by the Program, and in Germany where escapees in Valka Camp near Nuremberg are enabled to go into a German department store and choose warm attractive clothing for themselves and their families. The Program, working with the National Catholic Wel- fare Conference in Italy, provides escapees with medical and dental care, and in Turkey, working with the Refugee Service Committee, beds, mattresses and blankets were purchased to ease the hard life of the refugees. The World Council of Churches, the Lutheran World Federation and the American Joint Distribution Committee and many other agencies are partners with the Escapee Program in provid- ing the escapee in Berlin with food and clothing. These are but isolated examples of the comprehensive program for providing supplementary care and mainte- nance designed to meet every basic need of the escapee wherever they are. In Turkey alone where the number of escapees is relatively small the Program has contracted to spend $ 39,141 to provide the escapees there with adequate care. Similar expenditures in other asylum countries provide supplementary care and maintenance in form of food, clothing, housing, and amenity supplies. In Trieste clothing and housing repairs are provided by Allied Mili- tary Government. REALIZING that escapees require more than a dole and more than public assistance, the Program has embarked upon an extensive plan to equip the escapees for providing for themselves in a country of resettlement or in the econ- omy of the country in which they are resident. Thus, escapees are sent to vocational guidance schools in Ger- many and other countries: they are taught English, Portu- guese, Spanish and other languages to assist them in estab- lishing themselves. In Germany at Ingoltadt and at Foehrenwald escapees are taught such crafts and trades as metal working, leather MARCH 19539 working, tailoring and shoe repair to make them more able to take their rightful place in the Free World. At Lavrion in Greece and at Mercatello in Italy, language training is part of the Escapee Program. Similar vocational and language training projects are in operation in each of the asylum countries. Many escapees, after years of inadequate diet and in- sufficient medical attention behind the curtain of despair, persecution and poverty in the Soviet-dominated countries, are in ill health when they arrive and require special feed- ing and medical attention. The Escapee Program fulfills this requirement. By assisting the escapees in this way the Program enables them to meet the physical and health standards of resettlement countries. Richard R. Brown being sworn in as director of the Office of Field Coordination, Predident's Escapee Program, with George Riddiford, Division of Foreign Service Personnel, Department of State, officiating. With headquarters in Frankfurt, Mr. Brown, coordinates the activities of the escapee units attached to US missions in Europe and the Near East and these activities with the humanitarian work of US voluntary agencies In Europe on behalf of escapees. INFORMATION BULLETIN
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