No. 163 (June 1949)
Scott, Gordon L. C.
Organization for European economic cooperation, pp. 7-8 PDF (1.0 MB)
Organization for European Economic Cooperation by Major Gordon L. C. Scott US Secretary Bipartite Secretariat IN THE CONFUSED MONTHS fol- lowing the last Great War, the economic life of western Europe was sick and chaotic. The gears of pro- duction were worn and broken; the flow of international trade: was reduced to a trickle. What could be done for this ailing: patient? Where was the path to health, strength and freedom? Then in the Spring of 1947 came Secretary of State- Marshall's great answer and challenge. The hand of the United States would be extended in aid-but this aid would be fruitless unless the free nations of Europe, in mutual cooperation, found a way to help themselves. Europe's reply was soon forthcom- ing. In September of 1947, the chal- lenge was accepted; 16 western European nations, with one voice, declared their intention to work together in mutual selfhelp and pro- ductive effort. In order to do so, they blueprinted an international organi- zation which would chart western Europe's course to recovery and sub- mit to the United'States requests for the aid needed beyond the limit to which they could help themselves. The job could be done, they hoped, by 1952. THUS JUST over a year ago, in April of 1948, was born in Paris the Organization for European Econo- mic Cooperation (OEEC)-a group of representatives from the 16 Western European Nations plus the Bizonal Area and the French Zone of Ger- many. They formed a Council, of one member from each participating area, which would be the supreme de- liberative body. An executive com- mittee of seven national represen- tatives was created to handle day-to- day business, while policy and tech- nical committees were established to perform the staff functions for the Organization. JUNE 14, 1949 * The manner in which OEEC meets its commitment is characteristic of the sincere thoroughness that has marked its efforts. The Council, in its "long term program", first set economic milestones and ob- jectives along the four-year path to viability. The various participating nations then evolved their own pro- grams, starting with the first year, and showing what they could produce for themselves, what surpluses they would have available to help their partner nations, and what they would require in aid from other European nations or the United States. THESE separate programs were then ldiscussed in OEEC and the maxi- mum degree of harmonization achiev- ed. Following this, the requirements of the participating nations from the United States were given to the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA), which then met these require- ments to the fullest possible amount. Bizonal Germany has been represent- ed in this effort from the day in April of 1948 on which General Robertson, acting also for General Clay, signed on behalf of the Bizone the Con- vention for European Economic Co- operation. In the deliberations of the OEEC Council, the economic advisers to the US and UK Military Governors -Mr. Laurence Wilkinson on behalf of General Clay, and Sir Cecil Wetr for General Robertson-have present- ed the Bizone's case, and will continue in this task until the German authorities can assume this re- sponsibility. A Bizonal delegation, composed of US, British and German personnel, was sent to Paris. The first chief Delegate, Mr. Robert Trier of Chicago, has now been succeeded by Mr. Malcolm R. White of Colebrook, Conn. The staff of the Delegation is small, numbering about two dozen persons in all, but is supplemented from time to time by technical ex- perts from Frankfurt and Berlin in the fields covered by the scheduled OEEC committees meeting. U NTIL RECENTLY, the burden of U negotiations within the OEEC on the Bizonal Delegation's part has been borne by the US and British, with the German 'representatives attending as observers. However, with the recent Washington declaration of the foreign ministers providing for full German participation in the OEEC coincident with the formation of a Western Cer- man government, emphasis is being placed on increased direct German participation. They are to prepare and defend their own programs, as- suming increasing responsibility for their economic recovery and the economic rehabilitation of a dem- ocratic western Europe. In the word; of the United States and United Kingdom Military Governors: "As the representatives, for the time being, of the Combined Zones at the OEEC, it has been the re- sponsibility of the Military Governors to supervise the preparation of the German programs submitted to the OEEC, to press for the adoption of policies which would permit the most effective use of German resources for German and European recovery, and to sign the final agreements reached, on behalf of the Combined Zones. "Now, following upon the historical agreements on German policy just reached between the Governments of the US, UK, and France, the -people of Western Germany are preparing to set up a government of' their own, and this government will then directly assume the responsibilities heretofore exercised by the Military Governors in carrying out Western German undertakings toward the ECA and the OEEC. That- they will do so with energy and enthusiasm seem certain." + END INFORMATION BULLETIN 7
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