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United States. Office of the US High Commissioner for Germany. Information Services Division / RIAS, Berlin
([195-])

Background on RIAS,   pp. 2-5 PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 4

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of Germany and central Europe as well. -The Hof frequency, 719 kc., was,
however, transferred to Radio Free Europe a      year later, when Radio Free
Europe' began its medium-wave operation. The<RIAS-Hof transmitter was
then
placed -on the -Belg'rade 'frequency 'of 683 kc., operating from -0100 to
sun -
set -to avoid interfering with the Belgrade service.
Ais a means of overcoming the limitations of daytime medium-w7ave
broadcas ting, ' RI'AS installed a 2o kwi. short-wave transmitter in Berlin
and
placed it- in operation August 7, 1951.
The latest power increase of RIAS-Berlin-,toQk place on January 15,
1953, when the loo kw. output was stepped up to' 300 kw. This development
had become necessary in view of the strengthening of Soviet Zon-e facili-
ties and the interference on RIAS wave lengths beginning in the fall of
1952.
In addition to it's two medium-wave transmitters, RIAS--Berlin on
989 kc. and RIAS-Hof on 683 kc., the station may also be heard in Berlin
via wired radio service on 245 kc. and vra F7M.I on 93.7-megacycles.
As is explained later in the text, RIAS also initiated and now
has in operation the only telephone news service in Germany.
In the course of the past seven years RIAS has become a social,
cultural and political institution. RIAS today is as much a household
word, in the life of the city as the KurfUrstendamm or the '-'Berliner
Bear." This thorough acceptance is not confined to the people of Berlin.
-The population of the Soviet Zone and Sector bestows the samie recognition
on RIAS. M1any people take risks to report personally or by mail how the
station is being heard or what the zone wishes to hear. Opinion surveys
conducted by independent German agencies among Soviet Sector and Zone
residents during visits in ',Jlest Berlin result in RIAS's being named as
,the favorite station by from 8o to 95% of the people questioned.
RIAS's primary target is Berlin and the Soviet Zone of Germany
with its 18 million population. For them RIAS constitutes the only major
source which provides them with straight, unbiased and clean cut news.
A- much larger audience is reached through the night time range of the
station throughout Eurojpe. Listener mail come-s regularly from Scandi-
navia, the Low Countries, France, Switzerland and Italy.
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