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Berlin, Richard E., 1894- / Diary of a flight to occupied Germany, July 20 to August 27, 1945.

American headquarters at Bremen,   pp. 53-55 PDF (760.3 KB)

Page 54

of entry for supplies for the American Army of Occupation.
At the old Reich house, headquarters of the American Army,
we were briefed for an hour on the workings of the Bremen
enclave, and were then taken for a motor ride to inspect port
and city.
Many of the large harbor basins had been put out of service
with ships sunk across the entrance. Most of the cranes in the
basins were destroyed-out of 25 cranes, 5 were working in one
section. The port is 75%, in working order. Among demolished
warehouses and factories, we watched them pumping out a sunken
cargo ship and learned that it had just been floated. A grain ele-
vator that held 75,000 tons of grain had not been hit. Of 119,000
buildings in Bremen, 50,000 had been completely destroyed and
15,000 partially demolished. The big Roland Muhl flour mills
were intact-they have a storage space of 50,000 tons and a mill-
ing capacity of 20,000 tons monthly.
Everywhere on the walls we could see Werewolf signs, but we
were told that the Germans are thoroughly docile and that no-
where had anyone seen any signs of the once-feared Werewolves.
Approximately 250,000 people are now living in Bremen. The
people knew nothing of what was going on in other parts of
Germany-that there was absolute Nazi censorship.
Visiting the submarine ways, we saw 16 German submarines
under construction. These had been fabricated all over Germany
and shipped here for assembly.
The Weser River from Bremen to Bremerhaven was mined and
had not been cleared and was to date impassable.
Saw cone-shaped air raid shelters 50 feet high, holding from
2,000 to 5,000 people. These bee-hive shelters were the most
effective-a direct hit of a bomb would slip off the bee-hive and
not cause as much damage as on a square-shaped shelter.
Of the 8 large harbor basins, when under the Nazis, 5 were
maintained for industry while 3 were used for war work. There
are some 5,090 or 6.000 D.P.s in the Bremen enclave.
Motoring from Bremen to Bremerhaven we saw farmers work-
ing everywhere and the entire country under cultivation. We were

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