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Jensen, Merrill; Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Pennsylvania
(1976)

B. The Carlisle Riot and its aftermath, 26 December 1787-20 March 1788,   pp. 670-708


Page 673

B. CARLISLE RIOT/3 JAN.
4. A speedy accession and ratification of the Constitution by all
the states.
5. The patriotic forty-six.
6. The president of the state.
7. The chief justice of Pennsylvania, and member of the late
Convention.
8. The Hon. James Wilson, Esquire of Philadelphia.
9. Major James Armstrong Wilson.
10. An increase of the agriculture, manufactures, and commerce
of America.
11. May the flag of United States fly triumphant in all the ports
of the world.
12. Our friends in Europe.
1. The article is not signed, but the writer refers to himself as "an old man"
as do those who reply to him. According to John Montgomery (to William Irvine,
9 January, printed below) "An Old Man" was written by "Mr. Duncan." There
were two Duncan brothers in Carlisle: Thomas and Stephen, both lawyers. For a
reply to "An Old Man," see "One of the People," Carlisle Gazette, 9 January, IV:B
below. "An Old Man" was reprinted five times in Philadelphia, once in Lancaster,
and thirty-one times from Maine to Georgia by 10 March (see CC:407).
2. Agnew was one of the judges of the Court of Common Pleas for Cumberland
County. For attacks upon him, see "The Scourge," 23 January and William Petri-
kin to John Nicholson, 24 February, n. 3 (both IV:B below).
3. On 19 March the Carlisle Gazette reported that Wilson died at the age of
thirty-six after "a short illness."
4. A former Constitutionalist, McKean aroused the bitter enmity of other
Constitutionalists because he supported the Constitution. For instance, on 10 May
Thomas Rodney was told that if McKean ever appeared in Washington County,
he would be put to death (Mfm:Pa. 676).
John Shippen to Joseph Shippen,
Carlisle, 3 January (excerpt)1
The paper I enclose will afford you news highly displeasing to every
true well-wisher to his country-the riot of Wednesday, the 26th, and
the address of the 30 wise men to the minority of the state Convention.2
I cannot but commend and admire the reasonable and judicious reply
of Major James A. Wilson to the bludgeon-bearing company, when
some through anger and revenge against the victorious Federalists,
and others, who knew nothing about the Constitution, thro vain and
puffed-up ideas of their own strength and courage, all marched for-
ward under honorable arms, headed by a noble captain, who being
a clerk of the meeting, was inspired from Heaven, who all, pretending
to be filled with liberty, strove to prevent the praiseworthy rejoicers
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