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Jensen, Merrill; Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Pennsylvania
(1976)

III. The Pennsylvania Convention, 20 November-15 December 1787,   pp. [321]-325


Page 324

III. PENNSYLVANIA CONVENTION
Whitehill then presented petitions signed by 750 inhabitants of Cum-
berland County praying that the Constitution not be adopted without
amendments. Whitehill then moved that the Convention adjourn so
that the people could consider a list of fifteen amendments which he
presented to the Convention. His motion was rejected by a vote of
forty-six to twenty-three, and the proposed amendments were not
entered on the Journals. Hartley and Chambers' motion wai then
taken up, and the Constitution was adopted by a vote of forty-six to
twenty-three. On 13 December, the ratification was announced to the
public, and the ratification certificates were signed.
During the last two days of the Convention, 14-15 December, the
delegates considered and adopted a resolution to cede a ten mile
square tract of land to Congress for the seat of the new goverrment
under the Constitution. The Convention also offered Congrcss the
temporary use of any public buildings in the state until Cngress
established its permanent residence.
On 15 December these resolutions, with the state's ratification,
were ordered sent to the Confederation Congress. The print ng of
5,000 copies of the Constitution and the Convention's ratification was
authorized, and a committee was appointed to supervise the publi-
cation of the Convention's Journals. After adopting a resolut on of
thanks to President Muhlenberg, the Convention adjourned sine die.
The Arrangement of the Debates
The overall record of the debates is scattered and incomplete aside
from Alexander J. Dallas' reports of debates on 27, 28, part of 30
November, and on 12 December, and the reports of James Wilson's
and Thomas McKean's speeches in Thomas Lloyd's Debates. News-
paper reports of day-to-day proceedings and the notes taken by James
Wilson, Anthony Wayne, and Jasper Yeates often agree as to the
order in which certain men spoke, but they do not always lst all
the speakers, and they vary considerably as to what was said. Never-
theless, it is possible to reconstruct, although not always with"i cer-
tainty, the course of most of the debates.
The debates are not arranged reporter by reporter as in Farrand's
Records of the Federal Convention. Instead, they are arranged i.n the
order in which men spoke, and all of the reports of each speech are
placed together, beginning, usually, with the most complete report.
For example: the Pennsylvania Herald, Anthony Wayne, Jame8 Wil-
son, and Jasper Yeates all record that Robert Whitehill was the first
speaker on 30 November. The debates for that day therefore begin
324


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