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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

XVIII: The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia,   pp. 630-659 PDF (12.0 MB)


Page 659

Ch. XVIII THE KINGDOM OF CILICIAN ARMENIA 659 
literature. Various members of the house of Lampron figure prominently among
the authors of this period, both as original writers and as translators,
and it is worthy of note that some of them, like the constable Sempad, were
laymen. 
 The Armenian rulers founded and endowed numerous monas teries. It can be
seen from the ruined remains, as well as from literary evidence, that these
monasteries and churches, and even the military constructions, did not compare
favorably with the splendid monuments erected in the past in Armenia proper,
but some of the foundations of this period are interesting from a dif ferent
point of view, for instance, the hospital founded by queen Isabel, where
she herself often tended the sick and the poor. If architecture did not develop
greatly in the Cilician kingdom, the minor arts on the other hand attained
a degree of excellence. The illuminated manuscripts of this period, which
rival in quality ' the best products of medieval art, are also outstanding
witnesses of the remarkable resilience of the people, for many of the finest
examples were produced in the most adverse circumstances, and at times when
the very existence of the country was threatened. 


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