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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

XVII: The Crusades Against the Hussites,   pp. 586-646 ff. PDF (24.0 MB)

Page 614

correspondence emphasized not only the sadness and horrors of the war (which
the crusaders were just about to renew) but also the close relationship between
the elector and the Bohemian capital as well as the Bohemian king. The Praguers,
in their answer, acknowledged Frederick's warm feelings for the city, but
also declared that specific proposals for peace had to be submitted to the
estates of the realm. 
 The whole procedure—an urgent call for peace at the moment of starting
a massive invasion—is, of course, strange, though not unique. It can
hardly be doubted that some prominent men among the more conservative Hussites
would have been willing to make very farreaching concessions—indeed,
almost any short of surrendering their insistence upon access to the chalice
for laymen. These men had supported prince Korybut in the months preceding
the events of the previous April, and their political goals had not radically
changed as a result of Korybut's fall and imprisonment. But it was surely
a mistake to assume that they would become more amenable under the threat
of imminent invasion. On the contrary, past experience showed that the considerable
internal differences, occasionally even amounting to civil war, temporarily
lost their power as soon as foreign attacks, especially those taking the
form of crusades and thereby exposing the country to German and Hungarian
armies, threatened the very existence of Hussite Bohemia. This, indeed, would
also be the result of the 1427 invasion. There was, as always, a measure
of cooperation between the established royalists, such as the Pilsen "Landfrieden,"
and the crusaders, and a few Hussites went over to the Catholic side, but
the majority even of the more con servative Hussites did nothing to support
the enemy, and the most important units—the brotherhoods and the city
of Prague—were sufficiently willing and well prepared to stand up to
the crusaders. They may not have expected that their task would be quite
so easy. 78 
 Of the four great armies that were supposed to invade Bohemia in July 1427
from the north, the northwest, the southwest, and the south, only two ever
appeared, and they were weaker than had been expected.79 One, led by Otto,
archibishop-elector of Trier, with 
 78. Of the detailed treatments of the 1427 crusade Bezold's is still one
of the best: König Sigmund, II, 109—122. A later monograph by
Georg Juritsch, oddly titled Der dritte Kreuzzug gegen die Hussiten (Vienna
and Prague, 1900), did not add much to it, but he had the Reichstagsakten
at his disposal. Among the Czech treatments the best is that by V. V. Tomek,
Dejepis mesta Prahy, IV, chapter 14, pp. 366 ff., especially valuable for
the political background. The most recent treatment, rather concise, is Bartos's
Husitská Revoluce, II, 
 79. See Altmann, Windecke, pp. 221—227, and Juritsch, op. cit., pp.
24—25. The com 

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