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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

XI: The Kingdom of Cyprus, 1369-1489,   pp. 361-395 PDF (13.3 MB)


Page 374

 374 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
the records, and it was with great difficulty that Taghriberdi himself was
extricated from the flames. Worse would have befallen Nicosia but for the
recall after three days of the expedition to Larnaca, for which reason, no
doubt, Kyrenia was left alone. But the invaders drove thousands of captive
men, women, and children to the coast and, when a week later they reƫmbarked
for home, took them as prisoners to Egypt. They also sacked the hill-top
shrine of Stavro vouni, famous for its wonder-working cross. 
 Early in August Taghriberdi made his triumphal entry into Cairo with his
prisoners and booty. King Janus, bareheaded, barefoot, his feet shackled,
his standard reversed and dragging on the ground before him, was made to
ride bareback in the conqueror's train and on several occasions to kiss the
ground. Thereafter, the public humili ation over, his treatment improved,
possibly because the sultan's heart was touched by some verses addressed
to him by the captive monarch, more probably by reason of the latter's willingness
to acquiesce in the sultan's terms. These comprised a ransom of 200,000 ducats,
half payable before release, an annual tribute of 
5,000 ducats, and the acknowledgment of the sultan's suzerainty. 
 Financially, these conditions imposed by a Moslem victor com pared not unfavorably
with the extortions habitually practised on Cyprus by Christian Genoa, but
the recognition by the proud king dom of the Lusignans of a Mamluk sultan
as suzerain was a disgrace hard indeed to bear. Pope Martin V and the other
Christian poten tates and states, including the Knights Hospitaller and Venice,
took counsel to help to find the ransom, while even the Genoese must have
felt that they had overreached themselves in encouraging the sultan, for
they were now profuse in their expressions of horror at the disaster and
of their conviction that a repetition must at all costs be prevented. Thanks
to the pope, who authorized the sale of indulgences for the purpose, and
to other well-wishers, including a member of the Cypriote noble family of
Podocataro, the king's ransom was raised, while Martin also allocated monies
from the church dues of Italy, Piedmont, and Savoy toward the ransom of the
other Cypriote captives and ordered the English, French, and Spanish churches
to contribute the hundredth penny of their reve nues to the same purpose.
A treaty was then signed between the sultan and Janus to establish the terms
of the latter's release, but it included a clause whereby the sultan bound
himself to defend, in 
Taghribermish, who arrived on July 12 and were unaware of the promise of
safety given by TaghrTherdi. But he adds that "they committed wrong in doing
all that as such things were unlawful after the proclamation of safety and
security." 


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