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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

XI: The Kingdom of Cyprus, 1369-1489,   pp. 361-395 PDF (13.3 MB)


Page 366

 366 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
therefore forced Peter to send his uncle written orders to hand over his
command at Kyrenia to the knight Luke d'Antiaume and to proceed to the west
to protest—this was the pretext given—against what the Genoese
had done in Cyprus. He was to take with him his wife, Heloise of Brunswick,
and infant daughter. The orders did not mention that his destination was
in fact a Genoese prison. 
 James had few illusions as to what was in store for him and, in complying
with the king's instructions, was at pains to exact an oath from Luke d'Antiaume
and his men to hold Kyrenia for the king in the face of whatever commands
they might receive to the contrary, for such commands could be extorted from
the king under duress. He set sail in April 1374, but it was not until October
21 of that year that the peace treaty was signed in the royal palace of Nicosia.
Its terms were onerous indeed. In the first place Cyprus was saddled with
an annual tribute in perpetuity of 40,000 gold forms. Next, 90,000 gold forms
were to be paid by December 1, that is, within less than six weeks, toward
the upkeep of the Genoese forces in the island. An indemnity of no less than
2,012,400 gold forms, a deliberately crippling amount, was to be paid over
a period of twelve years. Until this indemnity had been liquidated in full,
Famagusta with its port and suburbs was to remain in the hands and under
the jurisdiction of the Genoese, and then restored only if satisfactory security
were forthcoming for the continued payment of the tribute of 40,000 forms.
Nicosia and the other parts of the island in Genoese hands, other than Famagusta,
would be returned to the king only when the 90,000 forms had been paid over.
The Genoese were to live freely on the island under their own consul and
in the enjoyment of all their former privileges. If any of the terms of the
treaty should be contravened by the Cypriotes, Famagusta would pass completely
into Genoese possession and the kingdom would be hypothecated. Meanwhile,
as a guarantee of compliance, the king was to surrender his uncle James,
the two sons of his uncle John, and a number of knights as hostages to be
held in Genoa. 
 While the island was still prostrate under this disaster, the indefatigable
queen Eleanor achieved her ambition. In 1375, the year following the peace,
she inveigled John of Antioch from St. Hilarion to Nicosia, and at a banquet
in the palace, in the very room in which Peter I had been murdered, suddenly
uncovered a dish containing Peter's bloodstained shirt. This was the signal
for the death of the former regent. 
 It was now time for the king to marry. At the end of 1372, when 


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