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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

X: The Kingdom of Cyprus, 1291-1369,   pp. 340-360 PDF (8.0 MB)


Page 354

 354 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
experiences in his Songe du vieil pèlerin); the legate, Peter Thomas;
and a considerable retinue. It is to Peter's additional credit that he undertook
his incessant journeys despite the sea-sickness from which he suffered acutely.
 Landing in Venice, where, as next in Genoa, he spent some weeks, Peter then
made for the papal court at Avignon. Here the party was warmly received by
the new pope, Urban V, as by John II, king of France (but not, as often alleged,
by the Danish monarch, Waldemar III). On April 12, 1363, a passagium generale
was formally proclaimed by the pope, to be undertaken within two years under
the command of the king of France. This all-important decision secured, and
the pen sion of the young prince Hugh finally and satisfactorily settled,
Peter and his following continued their way northward through Brab ant and
Flanders, being welcomed, notably in Brussels and Bruges, with lavish entertainment.
In October they crossed the Channel to enlist the aid of the kings of England
and Scotland. Jean Froissart, to whom we are primarily indebted for our detailed
knowledge of Peter's wanderings, describes the king's visit to London, where
he was well received by Edward III and queen Philippa. Edward gave him a
ship named the Katharine; Philippa tendered him handsome presents; like royal
visitors of a later age, he was entertained, accord ing to a persistent tradition
of the City of London, at a civic banquet, together with four brother kings.
Edward offered his royal guest a tournament (for Peter excelled at jousting),
but in the matter of the more serious business at hand excused himself from
participat ing in the projected crusade on the ground of age, suggesting
that this might be a task more suited to his sons. But he made it clear to
the dismayed Peter that if he recovered his kingdom of Jerusalem, "he would
be expected to hand over to Edward the Kingdom of Cyprus which Richard Lion
Heart had given to his predecessor." 13 
 In February 1364 the party returned to France, and in Angoulême Peter
sought out Edward the Black Prince, who followed his father's example in
giving an evasive answer to the appeal to take the cross. In May he was present
at the funeral of his intended leader John II at St. Denis and twelve days
later at the coronation of John's successor Charles V in Rheims. The pontifical
mass on this occasion was sung to the music of William of Machaut (c. 1300—1377),
the foremost French musician of his century and the poet who subsequently
commemorated Peter's exploits in his epic La prise d'Alexandrie ou chronique
du roi Pierre I de Lusignan. 
13. Hill, History of Cyprus, II, 326. On Waldemar see Iorga, Philippe de
Mézieres, pp. 
162—16 3. 


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