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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

VII: The Catalans and Florentines in Greece, 1380-1462,   pp. 225-277 PDF (20.9 MB)


Page 277

Ch. VII THE CATALANS AND FLORENTINES IN GREECE, 1380—1462 277 
with the noble family of the Caupenas still ruling in Aegina closed with
the redoubtable Lupo's almost gaining Monemvasia, the strong est fortress
in all Greece. 
 The later fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries had marked a Hellenic
upsurge, an increased ethnic awareness fostered by the Orthodox church and
led by the archontic families, who filled the vacuum left by the Catalans'
departure, for Florentine settlement was never comparable, despite Antonio
I's efforts to attract Italians to Athens and Thebes. 191 Meanwhile, Albanians
had worked their way south throughout the fourteenth century, and by its
end were an important segment of the population; like the Turks, they ap
peared originally as mercenaries, then as invaders, and finally as settlers,
primarily in Epirus and Thessaly. The impact of the Alban ians exceeded that
of either the Catalans or the Florentines, and rivaled that of the Turks,
whose four centuries of rule erased the effects of their Latin predecessors'
regimes, but not their memory. This brief but colorful chapter in Catalan
history inspired a lasting sense of achievement in the conquistadors' countrymen,
reflected in their literature and in the sometimes partisan but often admirable
works of their historians. 
 The Catalans had ruled in Attica and Boeotia for three quarters of a century,
and on the island of Aegina for more than half a century thereafter. The
chief monuments they have left behind them are documents in the archives
of Barcelona, Venice, Palermo, and the Vatican. These monuments have proved
more lasting than bronze, and from them the bizarre history of Catalan domination
in Athens and Thebes has in the last few generations finally been written.
103v). In the exchange of petition and response, the despot Thomas represents
the 
Monemvasiotes as his subjects (as they had been) and the senate regards Monemvasia
as a 
Venetian responsibility (as it was becoming). Monemvasia, or "Malvasia,"
was of course the 
source of the French malvoisie and the English "malmsey." 
 191. The learned monograph of D. G. Kampouroglous, The Chalkokondybai [in
Greek] (Athens, 1926), makes clear that the fortunes of the Chalcocondylas
family, for example, were founded shortly after the Catalan era in Athens.


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