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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

VI: The Catalans in Greece, 1311-1380,   pp. 167-224 PDF (23.4 MB)


Page 173

Ch. VI THE CATALANS IN GREECE, 13 11—1380 173 
and perquisites as obtained in the kingdom of Aragon. The lord king declared,
for himself and for his son, the royal intention to rule in accordance with
these terms.8 The king then sent Berenguer Estañol of Ampurias as
the young duke's vicar-general, and when Estañol arrived in Piraeus
with five galleys to take over his command, Roger Deslaur, who had governed
the Company for a year (1311—13 12), retired to his lordship of Salona
and figures no more in the history of the Athenian duchy.9 
 Berenguer proved an able ruler, and under him the Catalans were able to
consolidate their position in Attica and Boeotia. He protected them against
the hostility of the Venetians in Negroponte, the Greeks in Thessaly and
Epirus, and the Briennist retainers in Argos and Nauplia in the Morea. In
1316 Berenguer died, after prolonged illness and four years of effective
service, and the Catalans elected a member of the Company, one William de
Thomas, as their captain and vice-regent,10 until the arrival in Athens of
king Frederick II's natural son, Don Alfonso Fadrique of Aragon, who had
been ap pointed vicar-general for the infante duke Manfred. On November 9,
1317, Manfred died in Trapani as a result of a fall from his horse; his younger
brother became duke William [II] of Athens.11 Appointed, therefore, as duke
Manfred's vicar-general, it was as the vicar of duke William II that Alfonso
Fadrique was to hold the chief post in the duchy of Athens—and after
1319 in the duchy of Neopatras—for about fourteen years (1317-1330),12
during which period the Cata lan Company in Greece enjoyed the height of
their power and their security. 
 The organization of the new Catalan state in Greece illustrates very well
the medieval theory of a contract between the ruler and his people, expressly
called a contract (capitula et conventiones) in the first words of the document
of 1312. 13 The Company remained 
 8. Dipl., doe. LIII, pp. 67—69, and cf. doe. CXXXIII, p. 164, from
Marino Sanudo Torsello, Ep. XVI, in Bongars, loc cit. 
 9. Muntaner, Crônica, ch. CCXLII (ed. Lanz, p.433; ed. E. B., VI,
111). 
 10. Cf. Dip!., doe. LXXXIV, p. 104, and Sp. P. Lampros, "Eyypa4a àva~ep6~.ieva
etc ri~v ,2ecraLwvLg'??v IcJrop'Lav rC.v ' AOr~vi,v (Athens, 1906; hereafter
cited as Eggrapha, vol. III of Lampros's Greek translation of Gregorovius,
Geschichte der Stadt A then im Mitte!a!ter, 2nd ed.), part IV, doe. 104,
pp. 355—356. 
 11. Setton, Catalan Domination, pp. 15—17. William died August 22,
1338. Duke William I was William de la Roche (1280—1287). 
 12. The last clear reference to Alfonso Fadrique's tenure of the chief command
in Greece comes in a Venetian document dated March 4, 1326 (Dipl., doe. CXXXII,
p. 163) although his authority continued for some time thereafter (ef. Dipl.,
does. CXXXIX, CXLI, CXLVI). His successor, Nicholas Lancia, is identified
as vicarius generalis on April 5, 1331 (Dipl., doe. CLIII, pp. 196 ff.).
 13. Dipl., doc. LIII, p. 67. 


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