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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

II: Byzantium and the Crusades, 1261-1354,   pp. [unnumbered]-68 PDF (16.6 MB)


Page 28

28 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES III 
Urban II the idea of launching the First Crusade.1 The armies of this initial
expedition and of the Second Crusade, as well as portions of 
(1288—95)," Revue historique du sud-est européen, I (1924),
59—63; and C. Marinescu, "Tentatives de mariage de deux fils d'Andronic
II Paléologue avec des princesses latines," ibid., 139—140.
On Charles of Valois's plans see Delaville Le Roulx, La France en Orient,
pp. 40—47, and H. Moranvillé, "Les Projets de Charles de Valois
sun l'empine de Constantino ple," Bibliothèque de l'Ecole des chartes,
LI (1890), 63—86. Other modern works dealing in part with the subject
are M. Viller, "La Question de l'union des eglises entre grecs et latins
depuis le concile de Lyon jusqu'à celui de Florence (1274—1438),"
Revue d'histoire ecclesiastique, XVI (1921), 260—305, 515—532,
and XVIII (1922), 20—60; J. Gill, The Council of Florence (Cambridge,
1959); 0. Halecki, Un Empereur de Byzance a Rome, 
1355—1375 (Warsaw, 1930); J. Smet, The Life of Saint Peter Thomas by
Philippe de Mézières (Rome, 1954); and F. J. Boehike, Jr.,
Pierre de Thomas: Scholar, Diplomat, and Crusader (Philadelphia, 1966). On
the crusade of Peter I of Cyprus and the Byzantine reaction, see Iorga, Philippe
de Mézières, and on Amadeo VI of Savoy, see K. Kerofilas, Amadeo
VI di Savoia nell' impero bizantino (Rome, 1926), P. L. Datta, Spedizione
in Oriente di Amedeo VI (Turin, 1826), and E. L. Cox, The Green Count of
Savoy: Amadeus VI... (Princeton, 1967). On the battle of Kossovo and Byzantium,
see H. Grégoire, "L'Opinion byzantine et la bataille de Kossovo,"
Byzantion, VI (1931), 247 ff., and on Nicopolis, besides A. S. Atiya, The
Crusade of Nicopolis (London, 1934), and G. Ostro gorsky, History of the
Byzantine State (Oxford, 1956), which is useful for the entire period, see
R. Rosetti, "The Battle of Nicopolis (1396)," Slavonic Review, XV (1937),
629 ff., and G. Kling, Die Schlacht bei Nikopolis im Jahre 1396 (Berlin,
1906). For the entire later period, see E. Pears, The Destruction of the
Greek Empire and the Story of the Capture of Constantinople by the Turks
(London, 1903); M. Silberschmidt, Das orientalische Problem zur Zeit der
Entstehung des tUrkischen Reiches nach venezianischen Quellen (Leipzig, 1923);
A. Grunzeweig, "Philippe le Bon et Constantinople," Byzantion, XXIV (1954),
47—61; A. G. Mompherratos, Diplomatic Activities of Manuel II. .. [in
Greek] (Athens, 1913); and J. W. Barker, Manuel II Palaeologus (1391—1425):
A Study in Late Byzantine Statesmanship (New Brunswick, 1969). For Boucicault's
expeditions, see especially Livre des faits du Maréchal Boucicaut,
ed. J. F. Michaud and B. Poujoulat, in Nouvelle collection des mémoires
pour servir a l'histoire de France, II (Paris, 1836), 205—232. For
a collection of articles on the fall of Constantinople, including appeals
to the west for a crusade, see Le Cinq-centième anniversa ire de la
prise de Constantinople (L ' Hellénisme contemporain, 2nd ser., VII;
Athens, 1953); also the articles in Greek and French by R. Guilland on Constan
tine XI, such as "Les Appels de Constantin XI Paléologue a Rome et
a Venice," Byzantino slavica, XIV (1953), 226—244; see also S. Runciman,
The Fall of Constantinople, 1453 (Cambridge, 1965). On Humbert's crusade,
see U. Chevalier, La Croisade du dauphin Humbert II (Paris, 1920). Other
works of importance are J. Gay, Le Pape Clement VI et les affaires d'Orient
(Paris, 1904), and W. Miller, The Latins in the Levant (London, 1908); for
Catalan designs on Constantinople in the 15th century, see especially F.
Cerone, "La Politica orientale di Alfonso di Aragona," Archivio storico per
le province napoletane, XXVII (1902), 3—93, 380—456, 555—634,
774—852, and XXVIII (1903), 154—212, and for documents, A. Rubió
i Lluch, Diplomatari de l'Orient catalb (Barcelona, 1947). There are some
pages of interest in G. Schlumberger, Byzance et croisades (Paris, 1927),
and F. Thiriet, La Romanie vénitienne au moyen age. . . (Paris, 1959);
finally, for general source material, see N. Iorga, Notes et extraits pour
servir a l'histoire des croisades au XVe siècle (6 vols., Paris and
Bucharest, 1899—1916); the propagandistic account of William Adam ("Brocardus"),
Directorium ad passagium faciendum, in RHC, Arm., II (1906), 367 ff.; and
Marino Sanudo "Torsello," Istoria del regno di Romania, ed. C. Hopf in Chroniques
gréco-romanes (Berlin, 1873), and Sanudo's Secreta fidelium crucis,
in J. Bongars, Gesta Dei per Francos, II (Hanover, 1611), 1—281. 
 1. See P. Charanis, "Aims of the Medieval Crusades and how they were viewed
from Byzantium," Church History, XXI (1952), 123—134. This covers the
first crusades. 


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