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Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on Europe
(1989)

VI: Social Evolution in Latin Greece,   pp. 175-221 PDF (18.9 MB)


Page 177

Ch. VI SOCIAL EVOLUTION IN LATIN GREECE 177 
mained for two centuries or more under Latin rule; such was the case with
Crete, most of the Peloponnesus (Morea), Attica, Boeotia, and Euboea, as
well as numerous other islands of the Aegean. This chapter deals with these
areas of Greece down to about 1450. 
 In the political sphere, the most striking result of the Latin contarium
veneto-levantinum (2 vols., Venice, 1880—1899), and Constantin N. Sathas,
Documents 
inédits relatifs a l'histoire de Ia Grèce au moyen age (9 vols.,
Athens and Paris, 1880—1890), for the period from 1300 on. Thiriet,
Régestes des délibérations du sénat de Venise
concernant la Romanie (3 vols., Paris, 1958—1961), and Délibérations
des assemblées vénitiennes concernant la Romanie (2 vols.,
Paris, 1966—1971), cover the whole period. 
 Venetian documents bearing exclusively on Crete have been published by Spyridon
M. Theotokes, ApophaseisMeizonos Symbolou Venetias, 1255-1689 (Athens, 1933),
and Thespismata tës Venetikës Gerousias, 1281—1385 (2 vols.,
Athens, 1936—1937), and for the last seventy of the years treated here,
by Hippolyte Noiret, Documents inédits pour servir a l'histoire de
Ia domination vénitienne en Crete de 1380 a 1485 (Paris, 1892). Numerous
files have been preserved in the Archivio del Duca di Candia, a section of
the Archivio di Stato in Venice. A selection from these documents has been
made by Gerland, Das Archiv des Herzogs von Kandia (Strassburg, 1899), and
by Johannes Jegerlehner, "Beiträge zur Verwaltungsgeschichte Kandias
im XIV. Jahrhundert," Byzantinische Zeitschrzft, XIII (1904), 435—479.
Systematic publication of files by the "Comitato per la pubblicazione delle
fonti relative alla storia di Venezia" is slowly proceeding. P. Ratti Vidulich
has edited two volumes of public documents: Duca di Candia, Bandi (1313-1329)
(Venice, 1965), and Duca di Candia, Quaternus Consiliorum (1340-1350) (Venice,
1976). Freddy Thiriet has edited Duca di Candia, Ducali e lettere ricevute
(1358-1360; 1402- 
1405) (Venice, 1978). Numerous unpublished documents appear in Giorgio Fedalto,
La Chiesa latina in Oriente, vol. 3: Documenti veneziani (Verona, 1978).
 Notarial documents reflect accurately the rhythm of daily life and provide
insight into social and economic structures and institutions. Several hundred
notarial registers are preserved in the Archivio del Duca di Candia; only
five have been published so far, the last four in the Venetian "Fonti" series:
Antonino Lombardo, ed., Imbreviature di Pietro Scardon (1271) (Turin, 1942);
Mario Chiaudano and Lombardo, eds., Leonardo Marcello, notaio in Candia (12
78-1281) (Venice, 1960); Raimondo Morozzo della Rocca, ed., Benvenuto de
Brixano, notaio in Candia (13011302) (Venice, 1950); Lombardo, ed., Zaccaria
de Fredo, notaio in Candia (1352—1357) (Venice, 1968); Salvatore Carbone,
ed., Pietro Pizolo, notaio in Candia (1300) (Venice, 1978). Elisabeth Santschi
has summarized several files of judicial and administrative documents, which
are equally valuable, in Régestes des arrêts civils et des mémoriaux
(1363—1399) des archives du duc de Crete (Bibliotheque de l'Institut
hellenique d'études byzantines et postbyzantines de Venise, 9; Venice,
1976). Loenertz, Les Ghisi, dynastes vénitiens dans 1~4rchipe1, 1207—1390
(Florence, 1975), has edited and commented on an important selection of documents
and other sources bearing on Crete and the Aegean islands. The same author
has summarized, edited, and commented on numerous documents in several studies
republished in his Byzantina et Franco-Graeca, especially I, 329—369,
503—536, and II, 141—393. The fifteenth-century work of Laurentius
de Monachis, Chronicon de rebus Venetis ab UC. ad annum MCCCLIV (Venice,
1758), is based on an intimate knowledge of documents and is most precious
for Cretan history. For Catalan Greece the reader will consult the almost
exhaustive collection by Antoni Rubió i Liuch, Diplomatari de l'Orient
català (1301 —1409) (Barcelona, 1947); the dating of twenty
documents has been corrected by Loenertz, "Athènes et Néopatras:
Régestes et notices pour servir a l'histoire des duchés catalans
(1311—1394)," AFR XXV (1955), 100—212, reprinted in his Byzantina
et Franco-Graeca, II, 183—393. 
 Papal correspondence bearing on the Roman and Greek churches and relations
between their members has appeared mainly in the calendars published by the
École francaise de Rome; for details see Leonard E. Boyle, A Survey
of the Vatican Archives and of its Medieval Holdings 


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