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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118,   pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)


Page 398

398 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES I 
stances Tancred proved conciliatory. King Baldwin achieved the great personal
triumph of sitting in judgment and hearing the complaints of Le Bourg versus
Tancred and of Bertram versus William Jordan. 
 A number of compromises were worked out. First, Tancred gave up his claims
in Edessa and recognized the restoration of Baldwin of Le Bourg, kinsman
of king Baldwin. In return king Baldwin granted Tancred the fiefs of Tiberias,
Nazareth, Haifa, and the Tern plum Domini (now the shrine Qubbat a~-~akhrah)
in Jerusalem. Tancred formally became Baldwin's vassal for these fiefs. This
meant that, if Bohemond returned to Antioch, Tancred could expect to resume
the place in the state of Jerusalem that he had left in iioi. It was provided
that meanwhile he could enjoy the revenues from these fiefs. Tancred did
not become Baldwin's vassal for Antioch. Second, it was agreed that William
Jordan should keep ~Arqah and apparently Tortosa. William became a vassal
of Tancred. Thus the northern part of the territory of Tripoli was to be
under Tancred's influence. Third, Bertram was to get the remainder of his
father's inheritance, that is, the area around Tripoli and Tripoli itself
when it should fall. He became a vassal of king Baldwin. It was a great day
for Baldwin I. Edessa and Tripoli were thereafter dependent upon him, while
Tancred of Antioch could expect to control only the northern part of Tripoli.
The prestige of king Baldwin had never been so high. Tancred, thwarted and
disappointed, marched off, and besieged and captured the ports of Valania
and Jabala in May and July, 1109. He thus forestalled Baldwin I and Bertram
by extending his rule about a third of the way south from Latakia toward
Tripoli. 
 The city of Tripoli surrendered July I 2, 1109. It was divided between Bertram,
who received two-thirds, and the Genoese, who received one-third in return
for their naval help. In addition Bertram inherited the holdings of William
Jordan, who was killed a little before the fall of Tripoli. Thus Bertram
extended his possessions as far north as Tancred's territory. This deprived
Tancred of the influence he had expected to have as the suzerain of William
Jordan. A year or two later Tancred seized Tortosa from Bertram. Beyond this,
king Baldwin was the beneficiary of the Tripolitan campaign, for the county
of Tripoli remained a fief of the southern kingdom.35 Its history may be
treated with that of the latter. 
 ' ~ J. Richard, Le Comti de Tripoli sous la dynastie Toulousaine, 1102—1187
(Paris, 1945), pp. 26—43, presents some evidence that, while the counts
of Tripoli owed liege homage to Alexius for Maraclea and Tortosa, they also
owed liege homage for these cities to Tancred of Antioch. After Pons of Tripoli
became friendly with Antioch in 1112 (see below) this con- 


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