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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118,   pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)


Page 397

Ch. XII THE FOUNDATION OF THE LATIN STATES 397 
had come to an understanding with the emperor Alexius, a step consistent
with the policy of his father. On the other hand he in curred the enmity
of Tancred by stopping at St. Simeon and lay ing claim to that part of Antioch
originally held by his father in 1098. Tancred stiffly ordered Bertram to
leave the principality of Antioch. 
 Bertram then sailed with his forces to Tortosa, a port controlled by William
Jordan. He immediately claimed a part of his father's estate. William, the
defender and possessor for four years, rebuffed him. But William, fearing
his cousin's large forces, appealed to Bertram's enemy, Tancred, offering
to become a vassal in return for protection. Tancred, eager for power and
desirous of checking St. Gilles, accepted the proposal and prepared to join
William Jordan. 
 Count Bertram, fearing Tancred's intervention, hastened to Tripoli and laid
siege to it by land and sea. He hoped to settle the matter by seizing the
great prize before William and Tancred could act. William's small garrison
in the stronghold of Pilgrim Mountain looked on helplessly. 
 The young count of St. Gilles had another resource. He sent word to king
Baldwin of Jerusalem, Tancred's rival of other days, offering to become a
vassal in return for help. Baldwin accepted. He welcomed the opportunity
to extend his power northwards and to forestall Tancred. He was glad to help
reduce another Saracen port and he could hope for an alliance with the Genoese
fleet for further attacks upon coastal towns. But to Baldwin, who had the
qualities of statesmanship, there was still a greater opportunity. He saw
then the possibility of ironing out differences among all the Franks and
of uniting their energies as crusaders under the leader ship of the regime
at Jerusalem. 
 For these reasons king Baldwin formally summoned Tancred to meet him at
Tripoli to give satisfaction to the complaints of Bertram, and also to those
of Baldwin of Edessa and Joscelin of Tell Bashir. But Tancred owed no allegiance
to king Baldwin. Therefore Baldwin summoned him in the high name of the church
of Jerusalem,34 a formula which reminds us of the stand originally taken
by the ecciesiastics and others regarding the proper regime to be established
in the holy city. Soon two coalitions faced each other outside Tripoli. On
one side were king Baldwin, Bertram, Baldwin of Le Bourg, and Joscelin. On
the other were Tancred and William Jordan with a smaller following. Under
the circum 
34 Albert of Aix, P. 667, "universae ecclesiae Iherusalem." 


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