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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118,   pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)


Page 387

Ch. XII THE FOUNDATION OF THE LATIN STATES 387 
entertained by friends as it went along. King Baldwin made an attempt to
obtain Ascalon by conspiracy in i i i i. He plotted with Shams-al-Khilãfah,
a governor traitorous to al-Afçlal of Cairo, and even succeded in
introducing three hundred men into the city as guards for Shams-al-Khilãfah.
But at that juncture Baldwin was called north to help Tancred against the
Selchükids of Iraq, and when he returned found that his confederate
had been overthrown and his men killed. It would have been a very great advantage
to the state of Jerusalem if this intrigue had succeded for Ascalon remained
an Egyptian advanced base until it fell in I 153. King Baldwin I made a most
determined effort to take Tyre by siege in the winter of III 1—1112.
But a skillful and bitter defense, aided by operations by Tughtigin of Damascus
in the rear, forced Baldwin to desist in April I 112. Tyre was not to be
taken until 1124, by Baldwin II. 
 By I I 12 the efforts of Baldwin I to reduce the coast towns were over.
He had all but Ascalon and Tyre, and although they were important he could
get along without them. In the remaining years of his life he was busy in
the larger cause of the defense and unity of all the Frankish states, and
later in extending his own domains in the south. 
 Let us now examine the history of the Latin states in the north, starting
with Antioch. We have observed that this principality was founded by Bohemond
early in 1099, and that it came into the hands of Tancred as regent in March
izor, after Bohemond's capture by Malik-Ghãzi of Sebastia the summer
before. Tancred's first act was to expel the partisans of Baldwin of Le Bourg,
Bohemond's princeps militiae. Le Bourg, kinsman of Baldwin of Jerusalem,
had been the latter's successor as count of Edessa since October 1100. Tancred
thus made himself more secure in Antioch but he embittered relations with
a powerful neighbor whom he should have had as a friend and ally. Nevertheless,
he did have a friend and ally in the new Latin patriarch, Bernard of Valence,
whom Bohemond had appointed to replace the Greek, John the Oxite. 
 Tancred immediately began to extend his power. First, by the end of i 101
he recovered the Cilician cities of Mamistra (Misis), Adana, and Tarsus which
he had helped to conquer for Bohemond in 1097 and which the latter had let
slip to the Byzantines. Second, he took Latakia from the Greeks in the spring
of I 103, after a siege of a year and a half. Third, he intervened in the
affairs of 


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