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White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times. Supplement: Austro-Hungary and the war.
No. 1125. Vol. XXI. No. 58 (May 19, 1915)

The continental times: No. 1125, Vol. XXI, No. 58, May 19, 1915

No. 1!25. Vol. XXI. No. 58.
be odHindal Eimes
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It is quite evident that Italy insists upon
breaking her neutrality and making war.
Anything more incomprehensible than the
action of the Italian government, which has
brought about such a condition of affairs, it
would be impossible to imagine. Italy had
won enormous concessions from Austria,
without staking a blow. And now she re-
nounces all for the precarious prospects of a
possible happy conclusion to a war which
she so wantonly provokes. The position of
Italy is now of the worst. She stands con-
victed of duplicity and treachery to her
Allies. The plea for concessions was a farce.
What she wanted was war.       France and
England, themselves in the quicksands of
failure, have dragged in Italy after them, by
means of grand promises unlikely ever to be
realised.  Italy fatally appears, to be another
country destined to be ruined by the falsity
of English and French policy. Her position,
from the strategical point of view, is exeedingly
vulnerable; large military forces are already
concentrated on her frontier.  And with all
that, the Italian politicians go as recklessly
into this gamble of the existence of their
country, as a gambler stakes his last piece
upon the roulette table of Monte Carlo.
The Daily Mail, as everyone knows who
has followed the events leading up to the
present war, was the one paper in Great
Britain which did everything in its power
to bring about the present war. It sent a
Special Correspondent, an American of the
school of Yellow journalism, to Berlin to
work up an    anti-German campaign from
here, by poisoning the minds of the readers
of the Northcliffe organ with lies, broad
shameless lies, concerning the intentions and
feelings of Germany towards England. How
throughly that Correspondent carried out
the malignant task confided to him, is a
matter of notoriety. Most people have read
the terrific indictment of Lord Northcliffe
by the Editor of The Daily News, Mr. Gardiner;
in which the proprietor of the Daily Mail
was held up to the execration of the British
nation, as the man who, in order to sell
his paper, had done everything in the world
that a human being could do, to bring
about war.   And yet today, unabashed, we
find the same Daily Mail in black type, over
its Editorial column; claiming to be, "The
paper that persistently forewarned the public
about the war."   Could  hyprocrisy go any
further, can one imagine any greater brazen-
facedness, than Northcliffe's making such
a claim?
But that is by no means all.     Having
played a so prominent role in bringing
about war, Lord Northcliffe; now that he
sees how badly matters are going for England;
is seeking to cover up his trail and fool the
public by attacking the government for un-
preparedness.  Editorially the Daily Mail
writes: "We believe that this government,
which did not see the war coming, does not
now understand the terrific nature of the
struggle before it. We urge that preparations
on a far greater scale than are now under
contemplation be immediately put in hand;
that the crowds of young shirkers all over
the country, who are standing back from
enlistment while married men are in khaki,
be 'fetched'; and above all, that more troops,
guns, and shells be immediately sent to
Sir John French." And the article ends up.
"ut we are bound to confess that that we
consider that the triumphant procession along
Unter den Linden, of which we heard of
last August, is a long way off."  And yet
in the next page to the Editorial from which
those extracts are taken, the Daily Mail
publishes a series of communications from
responsible people clearly demonstrating that
the labor situation in Great Britain is growing
\worse each day and the output of war
material, in consequence, diminishing instead
of increasing.  And yet the owner of the
Daily Mail, knowing that, goads the helpless
grovernment of his country, and casts distrust
oA the Ministry everywhere amongst the people.
Enormous Trouble in Trying
to get the British Artizan to
do his Duty. Great Danger of
Munition Shortage.
Crew of a Transport that
Deserted. TakesThree Times
as Long to Fit out a Ship as it
Did when the War Broke out.
London, May 17.   There is the greatest
trouble here arising out of the apathy and
ineptitude  of the artizan.  Apropos  the
Daily Mail publishes some opinions of labor
Mr. Graeme Thompson, director of trans-
ports, writes:-"The workmen-seamen, dock
labourers, etc.-are rapidly becoming abso-
lutely out of hand.   The present labour
situation on the Clyde and at Liverpool is
merely the beginning. Unless effectual mea-
sures are taken we shall have strikes at every
port in the United Kingdom, and supplies to
the Army and the Fleet will be stopped. In
the main we have now to deal, not with the
ordinary British workman, but with what
remains after our best men have been re-
cruited for the Army and Navy.
"Yesterday the crew of a transport de-
serted. The same thing happened the day
before. The firemen go on board the trans-
ports drunk, making it impossible to get up
a full head of steam, so greatly reducing the
speed and endangering the lives of thou-
sands of troops by making the vessels a
target for submarines. The root cause of
the serious congestion at some of the docks
is not a shortage of labour but the fact that
the men can earn in two or three days
what will keep them in drink for the rest of
the week.
"What is wanted, in addition to a proper
control of the drink traffic, is a well-devised
scheme promptly applied for bringing the
seamen under naval and other workmen in
Government employ, under military   disci-
pline. In many cases it is now taking three
times as long to get ships sitted and ready
to sail as it did when war broke out. Ex-
pedition is a thing of the past, and it is
obvious that this may at any moment have
a disastrous effect on the naval and military
Captain Greatorex, R. N., director of Nava
Equipment, reports:-
"The condition of labour is deplorable and
the men are in a most uncertain and un-
dependable state.  This is so serious that at
any time the whole of the shipbuilding work
on the Tyne may come to a standstill.
Sunday working is of little value, as the
money paid for Sunday work leads to ab-
stention from all work for often two days,
and a Sunday worker will frequently not
return till Wednesday.  Unless something
drastic is done I fear that the state of de-
liveries of vessels will be most seriously
affected; but in the present frame of mind
of the men drastic measures might have the
effect of producing a critical situation."
Mr. Lander, a factory inspector puts it:-
"So far as shipyards workers are concerned,
there is no doubt whatever that the drinking
habit is more responsible than any other
cause for the great loss of time among the
workmen. The fact that double time is paid
for Sunday work and that consequently the
men's earnings are so much more than usual
no doubt tends to foster the habit of frequent
indulgence in drink.
"I do not place much reliance on fatigue
having much to do with lost time."
Superintendent Captain Barthelot reports:-
"From close observation-and my opinion
is shared by all the managers of the ship-
yards-the amount drunk by a section of
the men is much greater than it was before
the war, and it is o i the increase. The sole
reason for this heavy drinking is that the
men earn more money than they know
what to do with. In a shipyard last week,
where a warship was under repair, work on
the inner bottom of the vessel was so badly
carried  out as to  suggest at once   on
inspection that it could not have been done
by men who were sober. It was dangerous
and had to be condemned.
In the same yard (and it is common in
most others) drunken men nominally at work
had to be removed. Men are bringing or
. smuggling liquor into the yards in bottles,
and facilities for buying spirits in bulk at
public houses and at licensed grocers must
be stopped."
Admiral F. C. T. Tindor, in a covering
report on shipbuilding yards, says:-"The
problem is not how to get the workmen to
increase their normal peace output, but how
to get them to do an ordinary week's work
of 51 or 53 hours, as the case may be. The
reasons for the loss of time are no doubt
various, but it is abundantly clear that the
most potent is in the facilities which exist
for men to obtain beer and spirits, combined
with the high rate of wages and abundance
of employment. Opinion on this point is
practically unanimous."
The Wa
Nothing Short c
Obviate War. Gr
tation. Socialists
r wave.
f a Miracle can
owth of the Agi-
Cry for Neutrality.
Rome, May 18. Apbarently the die is cast
which commits Italy o war. Nothing short
of a miracle can save the country from being
involved  in the   e isting  great conflict.
Everywhere Giolitti, the man who has done
so much for Italy, is r viled. A special train
is ready to take Prince Bullow and Baron
Macchio into Switzerland, which country has
already  received  tt ousands  of German
fugitives.  In  Turin  the    partisans  of
neutrality appear to predominate. In Milan
the situation is dange rous, the upper classes
being for war, the well-organised working-
man's associations strongly for peace.
Salandra and Sonn no are the heroes of
the moment. They have decided to present
themselves before the Parliament on the
20th, and to obtain from its members a vote
of confidence. The S ocialists intend to vote
against all grants o  money for war. But
after all they numbeh only 37, in a parlia-
ment consisting of 5 20 members, so they
are helpless. The cabinet has met and
agreed upon the programme for Thursday
when    the  Parliament   assembles.  The
Premier will then p ace before the House
for approval the deci ion of the Cabinet of
what is nothing    miore  nor less than a
declaration of war.  t is doubtful whether
even Giolitti will offer opposition.
The Corriera della sera leads the press in
the incitation of the country to war. Ever
a sensational sheet, it is  now   excelling
itself in exaggerated  terms.  It lauds the
Ministry to the skies, denounces Giolitti as
a traitor to his country, as also all those
who are opposed to he war.
Remarkable Ed itorial in Daily
Mail,    What Might have Been.
Has no Faith in Government.
wants Young Loafers to be
Forced     to  S(rve     in Army.
London, May 16.    The English editorial
writer is much troubldd as to what to write.
The following is an extract of a Daily Mail
leader upon what England is to do.
Many of the things that are happening in
this war might have been prevented by a
little more thinking 'head on the part of
making on the part of their satellites.
It is obvious that if the sinking of
merchantmen continues the submarine will
render the receipt of the great Canadian
harvest now growing a more difficult matter
than we should wishI  Then why not now
begin to make some lans for the mobilising
of the food resourc s of the country and
the prevention of infiated pices by profit-
That is probably thinking far too much
ahead for a Government that, despite their
Ambassadors, attaches, and secret service,
could  not be   induced  to  believe  the
Germans would be so unkind as to make
war upon us. (!!!)
"Why not mobilise the single young men
of the country and thus stop the expensive
enlistment of married men while the young
shirkers are to be seen swaggering about
great cities any Sunday in their hundreds of
thousands? Yesterday was a sunny day in
the streets of the metropolis, and a peregri-
nation of Holborn, Oxfordstreet, Hyde Park,
Hampstead Heath, and the Strand revealed
the preseace of literally thousands of young
men of military age not in khaki.  Making
due allowance for the fact that a certain
proportion are probably doing war work in
some shape or form, there is a vast body of
recruits waiting to be "fetched."  It is ob-
vious that if the Gqvernment would only
shake off a little of their collective timorous-
ness they would find  that the nation would
joyfully raise the army that is wanted.
"The Daily Mail believes that the war will
demand the utmost limit of military strength
of this country.  It does not believe it is
wise to rely for salvation upon even so fine
a people as the Italians; or upon the
Russians, whose splendid courage has not
yet brought them within measurable distance
of Berlin; or upon the French, who are
putting into the field  every  youth  over
eighteen years of age  Is it remembered that
efficient recruiting by means of conscription
requires minute prep4ration?  We are asked
to trust the Government in this matter of
recruiting. Frankly, we do not.  They tell
us that voluntary ser vice has produced im-
mense numbers of men. We agree.     They
compare the numbers of men raised to-day
and in Wellington's time.  They compare
the splendid response of the nation to that
of the North in the American Civil War.
We agree. But the present colossal struggle
dwarfs everything. Blenheim, Victoria, Water-
loo were puny playgrounds by comparison
with the 500-mile lor ig battle which is taking
place every day between Switzerland and
Dunkirk. It is unfair to rely upon our brave
Allies for the work we should be doing
Great Success of Second War Loan.
Hungary Cleared of Russians.
Vienna, May 16. The city of Vienna has
subscribed 23 million crowns towards the
War Loan. Splendid results have also been
achieved in Budapest. The greater number of
financial institutions have subscribed double
the amounts made towards the first war loan.
The fruit and vegetable section of the
Woman's Auxiliary Committee announces
that it will distribute free of charge, quantities
of vegetables for planting purposes in order
to stimulate the cultivation of these important
food products during the period of the war.
The Burgermeister of the Royal capital of
Prague has sent the following telegram of
congratulation to the Archduke Friederich
upon the tremendous victories of the Allied
Armies in West Galicia.  "In the name of
the Representatives of the Royal City of
Prague, whose citizens have given vent to
their joy over these brilliant victories by
decorating the town with flags, I take the
liberty of offering your Imperial and Royal
Highness our most dutiful and loyal congra-
tulations upon the great successes in the
field of war. They will indeed be written
with letters of gold upon the pages of
history. They will be the symbol of the
heroism of the all the peoples of the Empire,
and of their gallant struggle for their beloved
At the last session of the Polish Club, at
which the Land Marshal and Minister for
Galicia were present, a resolution was passed
and the following telegram sent toHisMajesty:
"The Polish Club permits itself with the
deepest feelings of gratitude, reverence and
love, to offer his heartiest and most sincere
congratulations to Your Majesty upon the
most auspicious victories achieved by the
Armies of Your Majesty and our German ally
under the eyes of the Archduke Friedrich."
Details have been received at Budapest
regarding the conditions in the frontier ter-
ritory of the Comitat Saros, which has been
thoroughly cleared of the enemy. A very
dismal picture is presented by this region
across which the tides of battle streamed so
furiously. Parts of the Russian advance forces
had overrun the town of Zboro on the 23rd
of March. PifTthiffstwnhas vaiishdTforo
the face of the earth; the remainder is a single
heap of rubbish. The walls of the beauti-
ful and artistic Rakoczy Church have been
shattered by Russian shells. The cellars of
the ducal castle of Erbbdy are a mass of
ruins. The fiercest struggles took place upon
the high plateau of the Markowicza mountains
where many villages have been visited by the
ravages of war. The whole plateau is criss-
crossed with trenches. Hundreds of great
graves over which the double-armed Russian
crosses rear into the air cover the landscape.
The entire ground is covered with splinters
of shells and shrapnel balls, with broken
rifles and twisted bayonets. The surrounding
beech-woods are scarred and mangled by
shell-fire. The community of Fels-Vizkz
offers a picture of complete devastation. The
mark of the Russian beast is over all. But
the beast has been driven out and the work
of reconstruction is already under way.
The Vienna correspondent of the Frankfoit
Gazette (Frankfurter Zeitng) Dr. Gans, has
written on the same subject in the issue of
that paper the 2nd of May, as follows:
It is a characteristic of this war, that not
the chance possession of a military genius
nor of a special weapon will decide the
issue but the employment of the collective
strength of the people, in as much as it is
not only a test of the comparative strength
of the nations among themselves, but also
that of the absolute strength of the individual
states each and for itself.  And in this
sense one of the most important decisions
has already fallen; Austro-Hungary has stood
the proof to which the vigour of its
political life has been subjected and has not
become weaker in its solidarity through the
war, but stronger. That does not mean a
mere defeat of the army of the Entente powers,
but of the entire Entente policy. Unless it
had had a supertitious belief in the internal
weakness of the Habsburg Monarchy, the
Entente would hardly have ventured to
undertake this war, conducted as it essen-
tially was and is in order to secure this
Monarchy as a spoil. Long before the outbreak
of hostilities, the mines had already been
laid which should on the first cannon shot
rend a large part from it, and indeed here
and there a slight shock was felt. This was
because the various peoples of the Monarchy
themselves had lost under the influence of
foreign agitation and of international dis-
content, a part of their confidence in the
State and had become accessible to a hostile
political propaganda."
HotelBrun 0Bolo2n
J. F. Frank, Prop.
Modern comfort. Premises for motorcars in the Hotel. Illust.
Ouide of Bologna forwarded free. Headquarters for excursion
to Ravenna. Export of Frank's own wines delivered in the
U. S., Germany and elsewhere. Ask for price-list.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 19, 1915.
The Open Tribune.
Letters from our readers.
To our Readers.
IWVe shall be glad to publish n(oo
munication by our readers, bat must rs/!
contributors to attach name and addrcss to
their letters. These o// lq ,ulisld awa'-
mously, if so desired.
The English Lie-mongers.
To the Editor.
I enclose you the following amusing letter
published in English paper The New Age.
Sir,-May a distracted citizen make an
appeal to the Press Bureau   through  the
medium of your hospitable columns?
We have been at war with Germany for
Gver seven months; during that time we
have had two victories per day, one in the
morning papers and one in the evenilng
papers. The Germans have also been driven
backwards every day for the same period.
According to my calculation there ought to
be only two Germans left by this time, and
these two should have been driven over the
edge of the world, and be hanging on to
nothing by their eyelids.  Will the Press
Censor, therefore, explain why the German
army still has possession of nearly the whole
of Belgium and part of France, and is hold-
ing up the Allies on both fronts?
I have been informed by the Press at
intervals-in leaded lines-that the German
army .is ringed round hy a ring of iron,
but I have looked in vain for the next
chapter. What does a ring of iron do when
it has succeeded in ringing the pig-I mean
the army?   Does it sit down and smokc,
and allow the drove-that is, the army, of
course-to walk through? If not, what in
heaven's name does it do?
How is it that though Austria and Ger-
many have been starving, rebelling, quarreling
with each other, and in an utterly distracted
condition for months, they remain as they
were before the  war?  Have these two
countries learned how to keep fit and fat on
a satisfying diet of air? If so, will they kindly
tip us the wink?    It might prove useful
shortly-after we have had a few more victories.
How did the many thousands of British
prisoners, and the three or four hundred
British motor 'busses, get to Germany, since
we have had no defeat? Did they go of
their own accord-did the prisoners take the
'busses, or did the 'busses take the prisoners?
low is it, that after the Austrian army
has been annihilated several times over, and
also well spanked by "gallant little Servia",
that the same Austrian army is still fighting
as hard as ever, and Servia is appealing for
help on the ground that she is starving and
ruined, and that the land is strewn with men,
women and children "murdered"by triumphant
Austrian Huns?
Why are the Death's Head Hussars still
at the front, when they were wiped out by
the Belgians at the beginning of the War
-completely destroyed by the Allies in
October-and utterly annihilated by the
Russians in November?    Such persistency
savours of indecency, as does also the re-
fusal ot the Crown Prince to remain dead.
Surely, only a Hun could continue in com-
mand after having been mortally wounded
once, and dead and buried twice.  Is it an
idiosyncracy of the Germans and Austrians
to refuse to keep dead?
How   did the Kaiser manage to recover
from nervous exhaustion, fever, bronchitis,
double pneumonia, and a severe operation
-not to mention chronic madness-in a
fortnight, and come back to the front as
well as ever?
When was Reims cathedral built up again?
I notice that the Germans shelled it, and
reduced it to ruins, a few days ago; but
they utterly destroyed it some months since.
A. M. Cameron.
To the Editor.
I am  an American   of pre-revolutionary
ancestry and stand for America "Ueber Alles".
Being of mature years and having lived
many of them among German people I claim
to know something of them  and all that I
know is but good.
They are thrifty, honest, brave, true and
staunch friends.
Britain says she is fighting for her existence
and (British subjects are not slow to add) also
for the existence of the United States.
Britain may be fighting for her existence
but I don't think she seriously considers that
is the case. She is fighting for something
else-Trade supremacy.
However, so far as the existence of the
United States is concerned, we will take care
of ourselves, fight our own battles and for
my part I resent any such nonsensical talk
that Britain is fighting for us.
We are told that if Germany wins she will
attack the United States, this is simply a state-
ment and is worthless and causes us no alarm.
Germany is not as likely to attack us if
victorious as is Britain should she be success-
ful in this war.
If Britain is victorious and our commerce
continues to expand as it surely will, Britain
will watch us with jealous eye and it will be
well for us if we are prepared to def.end our
shores and our trade with other nations.
Britain brays of her control of the seven
seas. Her Waterloo will yet come.
New Haven, Conn.
C. V.

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