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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Note from the Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister (Kuznetsov) to the American Ambassador (Thompson), on European security, July 15, 1958,   pp. 292-297 PDF (2.7 MB)


Page 296

DOCUMENTS ON GIFRMANY, 1; 944-5 9
off aggression in Europe and toward strengthening the security of all
European countries. In this it would be important to express the
obligation of the European states and also the USA not to assist mili-
tarily or economically or to support morally any state disturbing the
peace of Europe, regardless of whether they are or are not partners
of the aggressor state under existing military pacts and treaties. It
is known that the idea of such an agreement has been expressed many
times in recent years including by the Governments of the USA,
England, and France.
Taking into account the fact that the achievement of an agreement
on disarmament is attended by significant difficulties and that the
efforts made over many years in that direction have led to no progress
whatever, the Soviet Government proposes to consider in the treaty
measures which would make- possible the elimination of the arms race
and the execution in Europe of measures for curtailing the armies of
the organizations of the Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Alli-
ance. The initiative on the part of the European states in searching
for such partial solutions could open the perspective also for broader
agreements connected with the problem of disarmament.
Of major significance for preventing armed conflicts in Europe
would be the foundation in direct continuity with the line dividing the
military groupings existing in Europe of a zone in- which neitherl the
production nor the stationing of atomic, hydrogen, and rocket weap-
ons would be allowed. In this case the parties to the treaty would
take on the obligation to respect the status of the salid zonle and con-
sider the territory of the states entering into it as excluded from the
sphere of employment of the said type of arms.
In the treaty it would be desirable also to consider providing for the
beginning of the reduction in the next one or two years of the number
of foreign aimed forces on the territory of Germany to 1/3 or to a limit
otherwise agreed on. With the carrying out of such a reduction it
would be possible to agree on the establishment of a reliable system of
control and inspection of the execution of this obligation by the
parties to the appropriate treaty.
The Soviet Government expresses itself in favor of the execution of
aerial photography in the limits of a definite Zone located on both
sides of the line dividing the armed forces of the states party to the
Warsaw Treaty and the North Altlantic Alliance to prevent surprise
attack.
The development of the economy of the states-party to the treaty,
the adjusting of peaceful business intercourse and mutual understand-
ing among them undoubtedly would be facilitated by the expansion of
mutually profitable and equitable economic cooperation on a basis
excluding any discrimination or artificial limitations of any kind.
Inclusion in the treaty of the above provisions would be all the more
useful in that the encouragement of free-world trade would render
good service to a number of states in whose economy especially in
recent times unhealthy phenomena are making themselves felt.
The Soviet Government is a supporter of 'the development of the
cooperation of European states and also of the USA for the solution
of the great task of peaceful uses of atomic energy. It considers it
desirable to express in the treaty the readiness of its participants to
exchange experience of scientific research and industrial application


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