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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

Reports of agents in Washington territory,   pp. 141-157 PDF (8.3 MB)


Page 145

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN        WASHINGTON      TERRITORY.      145 
approval. This action was rendered necessary for the reason that a physician
could 
not be had within 70 miles of the agency; and to enable the agent to suppress
tie In- 
dian doctors it is necessary to have a physician at the agency to attend
to the sick 
whenever his services are required. 
The trader, John W. Hume, is erecting suitable buildings for canning the
salmon, 
and this will give employment to all the adult Indians during the fishing
season. The 
Quinaielt River has a greater abundance of salmon, and of a better quality
than any 
stream of its size on the Pacific coast, and the Indians are highly elated
at the pros- 
pect of having more constant employment and better pay than ever before.
The school has made reasonable progress, but the attendance is not equal
to the 
three previous years. This is caused by the death of some of the scholars,
the matu- 
rity of others, and the lack of children of suitable age adjacent to the
school to keep 
up the numbers. I iransmit herewith the report of Mr. Rylatt for your information
SHOALWATER BAY. 
The school at Shoalwater Bay was not as well attended as formerly, and I
closed it 
March 31, and discharged the teacher, not feeling justified in conti'nuing
the school 
with an average attendance of eight scholars. I shall employ anotherteacher
and open 
the school again as soon as the Indians are settled in their homes for winter.
During the 
summer they are very generally engaged in fishing and oystering for the white
inhab- 
itants, very few of them reaining at their village, and it would be a waste
of money 
and time to try to keep the children in school while their parents are thus
employed, 
unless a boarding school was authorized. A day school cannot be maintained
at that 
place more than eight months in a year. 
The employment of these Indians throws them in direct contact with the worst
ele- 
ment of whites, and drunkenness and gambling have frequently occurred. During
one of their drunken brawls one Indian was shot and instantly killed. As
soon as I 
learned of the affair I went down there and arrested the murderer, and then
learned 
that he had been arrested and examined by the civil authorities and admitted
to bail 
on his own rccopnizance. After a careful examination into the circumstances
I be- 
came satisfied the killing was intentional, and sent the prisoner to the
agency jail 
at Quinaielt to hold until I could communicate with the Depariment. My action
was 
approved, and as the killing was done off the reserve I was directed to communicate
with the prosecuting attorney, which was done, and I was informed by him
that at the 
next term of court held in Pacific Connty the affair would be carefully investigated.
The prisoner is still in jail at Quinaielt. 
The Shoalwater Bay Reserve is worthless for farming, all being sandy beach
and 
precipitous bluffs, and nothing is raised by these Indians except a small
amount of 
potatoes, turnips, and carrots. A few cattle and horses are owned by them,
but no 
feed is secured to keep then. in winter. They graze on lands adjacent to
the reserve 
at all seasons. 
Under date of June 7, last, I received a communication from the Department
in 
reference to placing the S'Klallam Indians in charge of this agency, to which
I replied 
under date of June 26. These Indians are remote from thu Nisqually and S'Kokomish
Agency, to which they are assigmed, and are contiguous to this agency. Large
uim- 
bers of them are here during the sealing season and more or less of them
are here at 
all times, and for the reasons stated in the letters above referred to they
should be 
placed in charge of this agency, atid the Quinaielt Agency should be placed
with the 
Wisqually and S'Kokomish or made a separate agency. It is 300 miles from
the Neah 
Bay Agency to the Quinaielt over the usually traveled route via Port Townsend
and 
Olympia, and the only other way of reaching there is by sea in a canoe The
dis- 
tance is 90 miles, requiring two days' time to reach there, and this mode
of travel is 
hazardous at all times  I have made the trip in a canoe, and can do it again
if iiec- 
essary in discharging my duty as agent, but would not undertake it for any
other 
purpose. 
The policy of the Government in cutting down the salaries of agents is not
calcu- 
lated to increase their usefulness and efficiency. A man qualified to discharge
the 
required duties iuust necessarily have fair business and clerical ability,
and be able 
to govern successfully those placed in his charge; and as Indians are employed
as 
farmers, carpenters, blacksmiths, &c., he must have a fair knowledge
of farming and 
mechanical work, for he must necessarily supervise and direct everything
connected 
with the agency if anything is accomplished successfully, and for this service
a sal- 
ary of not less than $1,500 per annum should be paid. 
I inclose herewith the statistics for the schools and industries, which give
a fair 
exhibit of the work done for the past year. 
All which is respectfully submitted. 
Very respectfully, yours, 
OLIVER WOOD, 
United States Intdian Ageat. 
The COMMISSiONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
5916 IND3-lO1 
m 


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