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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

[Reports of agents in Arizona],   pp. 1-10 PDF (4.9 MB)


Page 3

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REPORTS OF AGENTS IN        ARIZONA.                   3 
was brought back where it belonged. In this transaction I saw the necessity
of se- 
curing arms for the police for similar and other emergencies, and in order
to obtain 
the same I advised the reduction of the force from 10 to 6, which was granted.
The 
police are well distributed as to locality and tribal numbers, which insures
promptness 
in reporting everything occurring on the reservation. 
RELIGION. 
There is nothing here in that form except in the way of a thoroughly organized
Sabbath school, composed of fifty-seven scholars, with four lady teachers
and the 
agency male employes, who have taken a very deep interest in the same. The
scholars 
are nearly equally divided as to sexes. The exercises of the Sabbath school
are nearly 
the same as our own, with most excellent singing from the Moody and Sankey
melo- 
dies. 
There is no better field anywhere for a missionary than here-one who would
be 
earnest and thorough in his work. Such a person could soon master the language
so 
as to talk to the Indians in their own tongue, thus having a much greater
influence 
over them. Certainly, it is a much brighter field for missionary work than
Japan, 
where I spent six years, giving me a good opportunity of seeing the progress
of the 
work there, and which to me was anything but encouraging for the number of
mis- 
sionaries in the field and the vast outlay of money. Our people commit a
very great 
error in not giving more attention to these poor, ignorant beings, and trying
to bring 
their minds and hearts to Jesus, and thereby advancing and elevating them
to a 
higher standard of morality. 
SCHOOLS. 
Since the last report made by my predecessor there has been a very marked
change 
in the management of the school, which now numbers 57 scholars-at the last
enroll- 
ment-and is divided into two grades, viz, the primary and graduating. The
latter 
grade prepares the scholars for other higher schools at Hampton, Carlisle,
Albuquerque, 
and other points, where they are sent to complete their studies, away from
all tribal 
associations and influences. During the past year, many children in the school
from 
five to thirteen years of age have learned to write handsomely. They seem
to be 
perfect imitators, and always trying to accomplish something to attract the
attention 
and admiration of the teacher and other agency employds. 
There is one member of the school here who deserves more than passing notice.
She belongs to the Chimehuevas tribe, and is about seventeen years of age.
We call 
her the sculptress. She will take a piece of clay in her hands and manipulate
it in 
such a manner as to produce with perfection the bust and head of any model
she has 
ever seen. She will also make the heads of animals as perfect as life itself,
without 
seemingly any very great effort. I believe if she could be placed in a good
art school 
under the instructions of a good sculptor she would become celebrated. 
The girls who attend school are taught to do all their own sewing, cutting
and fit- 
ting, and general house work, while the boys are also kept in strict surveillance
and 
find plenty to do in cutting wood, working in the garden, and keeping their
apart- 
ments in order. In all cases I have found the children very obedient in what
is re- 
quired of them to do. 
On my arrival at the agency I found the children in a very destitute condition
for 
clothing, with the thermometer nearly down to zero. A large majority of the
girls 
had only a very thin piece of calico to cover their nakedness during the
long cold 
spell which was almost unprecedented in this locality, freezing water in
the ewers or 
water coolers 10 inches thick, and bursting all the water pipes on the premises.
The 
boys were not much better off for clothing than the girls; with a very limited
supply 
of blankets it was only with the greatest effort that all the children could
be kept 
warm during the cold spell, which lasted nearly a fortnight. All of this
suffering 
might have been averted had the clothing arrived in time, but unfortunately
it was 
delayed at Fort Yuma, being overlooked in shipping to this point by the Colorado
Steam Navigation Company, and did not arrive until the weather moderated.
The 
appearance of the children is now very different. The girls have each two
full suits 
of nicely made clothing, with good warm flannel undergarments, while the
boys have 
also two suits each of good, well-made garments. The clothing has made a
complete 
change, not only in the appearance of the children, but their actions as
well. They 
seem to feel very grateful for the same. All the ladies (employds of the
agency) are 
deserving of the highest praise for their untiring zeal and industry which
they dis- 
played in getting all the children clothed at this critical time in such
a brief period, 
viz, twenty-seven days after the goods arrived. 
It is to be regretted that we are to lose the most valued services of Miss
Mary Hamp- 
ton, of Charleston, Ill., who has been the principal teacher here for the
past two 
years, being thoroughly enlisted in the cause at all times. Her relations
at home com- 
pelled her to resign. Her place will be very ably filled by a male teacher,
one of the 


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