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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Dakota],   pp. 238-259 PDF (10.7 MB)


Page 248

248     REPORT    OF THE     COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS. 
they would not like to give up the accused until they heard from the Great
Father. In 
compliance with the request of the Indians I forwarded a statement of the
case. The mar- 
shal did not make any attempt to arrest the man. 
On the 1st of July I was informed that a paity of young men had left this
agency to make 
war on Indians up the river. I asked the principal chiefs to stop these proceedings.
They 
promptly responded by sending their soldiers out, who overtook the war-party
and brought 
them back. The conduct of chief Two Bears and chief Antelope on this occasion
deserves. 
particular credit. The defeat of the party is mainly attributable to the
energetic action of 
these two chiefs. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
EDMOND PALMER, 
United States Indian Agrent. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
PONCA AGENCY, DAKOTA, September 15, 1874. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit my annual report of the state of this agency,
embracing 
a period from August 31, 1873, to a corresponding date of 1874. 
LOCATION. 
The Ponca Indian reservation has the same location as described in my annual
report to 
your Office of the year 1873, and has the same occupants, with a little variation
in numbers, 
which are rapidly increasing and aggregate a population of 730 persons, of
whom 372 are 
males and 358 females. Of these the "half-breed band," composed
entirely of "mixed- 
bloods," number, in the last census of the tribe, 132 persons. I may
remark, incidentally, 
that the intermarriages of the full-blood Indians with the mixed-bloods,
and vice versa, hold 
the balances about even, in point of numbers, of those incorporated with
either division of the 
tribe. The full-bloods have a population of 598 persons in the aggregate.
WHITE PEOPLE. 
There are now at the agency-village on this reservation a resident population
of white 
persons, to wit, United States soldiers, varying from fifteen to twenty-five
enlisted men changed 
nearly every month. There is another and co-operating military post located
five miles away 
and just beyond the limits of the reservation, on the south bank of the Niobrara
River in 
Nebraska, which comprises the balance of a military company, in almost daily
communica- 
tion each post with.the other. The aggregate military force of the two posts
aforesaid is 
never less than sixty men, and is a full company as a rule. 
WHITE EMPLOY ES. 
To this white population is added a varying list of employes, from six to
twelve in num- 
ber, and from three to five employds' children, besides my own (the agent's)
family of six 
white persons. * _ 
SCHOOLS. 
A school master and mistress were engaged at Christmas, 1873, but since March
1, 1874, 
no school-teachers have been employed at this agency; although we h'ave a
large, 
roomy log-house, which admits of separate and distinct school, cloak, and
wash room for 
both sexes ; also a book-room large enough for keeping neatly and orderly
not only school- 
stores, but also the books, &c., used in school-hours, safe from pilfering
hands or destructive 
habits. There is a school-bell elevated upon standards far above the building,
giving fiee 
range for the sound, which can be heard over the extent of Agency and Hubethan
villages, 
(lying adjacent.) The interior of school-rooms, &c., have strong and
neat fittings, and have 
space for fifty of each sex, which can easily be found. 
Bishop Hare, missionary bishop of the Niobrara episcopate, has kindly undertaken
the 
nomination of a person or persons, suitable for the conduct of the educational
interests of 
this agency. The Episcopal church had a mission established here about three
years ago, 
and under the nomination of that church the agent is appointed. Some difficulties,
brought 
about by a variety of causes, among which are the supposed unhealthiness
of the agency 
location, and the constantly impending inroads and attacks of hostile Sioux
Indians upon 
the Pencas, with apparent prospects (now happily past) of a general Indian
uprising, have 
doubtless prevented the acceptance of the positions of teachers by suitable
persons. One 
other reson is that, until the present, no house available for a teacher's
residence has been 
built. This last has been mainly owing to the rumored removal of the tribe
to another location, 


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