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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Indian Territory],   pp. 218-238 PDF (10.2 MB)


Page 234

234     REPORT    OF THE     COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS. 
about fifteen miles above the crossing at George Washington's. They failing
to return on 
time, search was at once instituted, which resulted in the finding of the
lifeless remains of 
Monohan on the 15th instant, and although we have failed to find the remains
of O'Leary, 
we have found sufficient evidence to believe that he met a similar fate in
the same vicinity. 
There is no question but that they were killed by Indians. These two men
had been con- 
nected with this agency since the spring of 1870, were men of strict integrity,
and were 
zealous in the discharge of duty. Their lives were sacrificed in the discharge
of duty. 
It is with much regret that I am called upon to report the killing of many
other whites, 
both on this reservation and in this vicinity, and that some of the Indians
of this agency 
have been connected with said murders; in many instances the Cheyennes have
been the 
leaders in said raids. So far as we have been able to learn, it was Kiowas,
led by Bad Eyes, 
that killed Jacob Dittsey, near Cottonwood Grove, between this agency and
Camp Supply, 
in Twelfthmonth last; was Cheyennes that killed William Watkins near King
Fisher 
ranche on Seventhmonth 2d; was Cheyennes that attacked Lee & Reynolds's
ranche on 
same day near Red Fork, killing some valuable horses; was Cheyennes that
attacked Hen- 
nessy's train, loaded with sugar and coffee for Agent Hayworth, killing Pat
Hennessy, 
George Fand, Thomas Calloway, and Ed. Cook; Osages arriving at the scene
of the mas- 
sacre while the Cheyennes were yet present, and securing the largest portion
of the plunder, 
and afterward firing the wagons, to one of which the body of Pat Hennessy
was evidently 
affixed. Many other murders could be enumerated against the Cheyennes, they
claiming 
to be on the war-path. 
At this time the agency wvas surrounded by hostile bands of Indians, who
could be seen 
on the rising ground in the vicinity of the agency. Feeling the insecurity
of life and prop- 
erty, I armed a small force of employes, and proceeded north to Wichita,
Kans., for assist- 
ance, first sending a courier through by night to General Davidson, commanding
Fort 
Sill, for temporary aid. He promptly dispatched a company of cavalry to our
succor, 
which was, however, intercepted at the Wichita agency, that agency having
been also 
threatened by hostile hands of Kiowas and Comanches. One company of infantry
was 
sent to the agency from Fort Leavenworth, in response to my appeals for assistance,
soon 
followed, however, by three additional companies of infantry and one of cavalry,
as the 
dimensions of the outbreak became apparent. Whirlwind, with thirty lodges
of Cheyennes, 
moved into the agency as the war-spirit became visible, and has remained
steadfast in his 
professions of peace and friendship. White Shield also visited the agency
after the out- 
break, for counsel and advice, and was immediately sent back to the tribe
with a message, 
the purport of which was, that "all friendly Cheyennes who rema ined
loyal to the Gov- 
ernment and had taken no part in the recent disturbances were enjoined to
make no delay 
in coming to the agency, where they would be fed and cared for." In
fifteen days he re- 
turned with Little Robe, Pawnee, and about thirty lodges of Cheyennes, most
of whom 
had stolen away by night from the main Cheyenne camp, and were compelled
to abandon 
their lodges and most of their camp-baggage and cooking-utensils. 
During last fall and winter I became aware of the presence of a number of
notorious 
horse-thieves, who had their headquarters established in the Black Jack Woods,
bordering 
on Turkey Creek, a small trihbutaiy of the Cimarron River, and made several
ineffectual 
attempts to capture or drive them from the country, feeling well assured
that their frequent 
depredations on the herds of Indian ponies would sooner or later bring on
trouble with the 
Indians of this reservation. But my efforts in that direction were unsuccessfufl,
owing to 
the lack of the necessary force to warrant their successful arrest. A few
thieves only have 
been arrested, and one killed in his attempt to resist the marshal who had
demanded his 
surrender. 
APACHES. 
Twenty lodges of this tribe, numbering one hundred and twenty souls, have
continued 
their connection with this agency, reniaiuing in camp near by, and drawing
their iations 
regularly. They are true friends to the Government, and their influence is
for good. 
A.NN UITIE S. 
The annuities for the Indians on this reservation came in much better season,
and were 
of much better quality last season than the preceding year, and, so far as
I have been able 
to judge, gave unqualified satisfaction to the Indians. The Arapahoes, as
last year, drew 
their annuities all together in one grand distribution, and were loud in
their praise of the 
Government. The Cheyennes and Apaches drew theirs per band, as they came
in for 
rations during the fail and winter, the last being issued to White"
Horse and Gray Beard, 
late in Thirdmonth. They consisted of blankets, calico, blue drill-jeans,
blue cloth, hose, 
camp-kettles, frying-pans, coffee-pans, butcher-knives, needles, thread,
and thimbles, and 
were mostly of a superior quality. 
SCHOOLS. 
wee have maintained school in our mission-building almost uninterruptedy
during the 
past year, with very good success. We have found it impossible to induce
the Cheyennes 
to send their children to school, being deaf to all the arguments that wve
have used in favor 


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