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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Indian Territory],   pp. 218-238 PDF (10.2 MB)


Page 233

REPORT    OF THE     COMMISSIONER      OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS.     233 
Apaches: 
Men.     .     .    .     .     .   .     .     .    ..------------------------------------------------------28
W omen.............................................................40 
M ale  children................. ... ...........................20 
Female children.... ..........................................    25 
Total.......................-...................................... 113 
Three hundred lodges Cheyennes, absent without leave and supposed to be hos-
tile, (estimated)-................ ............................w..........
 1,800 
Total number of Indians on reservation---------------------------3,843 
Although this is my third annual report, I have never before, in looking
back over the 
year's work, with its trials andsuccesses, its lights and shadows, felt the
same weakness in 
making an annual record as I do at this time, and yet we have been unflinching
and untir- 
iug in our efforts to promote the welfare of the people over whom I have
been called to 
preside. 
THE ARAPAHOES 
are still the leading Indians on this reservation in loyalty, and have made
some progress in 
civilization, although not as much as 1 had every reason to hope and expect
they would, the 
past year. 
The tribe remained at the agency until late in the fall, when they went west
after buffalo. 
One reason they had for staying at the agency was to await the return of
the delegates sent 
to Washington, some of whom had been summoned to appear before the district
court at 
Topeka as witnesses against some whisky cases, as mentioned in my last report.
The 
Arapahoes had a short but very successful winter's hunt, and returned to
the agency early 
in Secondmonth, 1874, after an absence of about four months, during which
time they drew 
rations regularly, sending in their wagons and hauling them sometimes a distance
of over one 
hundred miles. The licensed traders, Messrs. Smith & Ford and Lee &
Reynolds, visited 
them in their camps, but could not effect much in the way of trade, the Arapahoes
asking 
too high rates for their robes and other peltries. The result was, most of
the robes were 
brought to the agency, and, receiving greater time and care in the preparation,
brought a 
much better price than could have been obtained in camp. 
The extremely cold, backward spring experienced this year militated disastrously
to In- 
dian farming, as we endeavored in vain to increase our little band who had
made an effort 
in that direction last year. " Curley," a prominent brave, selected
a farm site, and we 
plowed and fenced a small lot for him at a distance of two miles from the
agency, but he 
was unable to make much progress, owing to the unsettled condition of some
of his red 
brethren. The tribe have remained camped in the vicinity of the agency since
their return 
from the winter's hunt. 
TIlE CHEYENNES. 
This tribe came in, at intervals of a month or six weeks during the fall
and winter, for 
rations and annuity goods. Early in the spring the tribe gave evidence of
a restless feeling 
among some of the worst disposed of the tribe, which finally culminated in
an open out- 
break early in Fifthmonth, the result of a thieving expedition of horse-thieves
upon the herd 
of Little Robe, while camped on the reservation assigned his tribe while
in Washington 
during Eleventh month last, in which he lost 43 head of valuable ponies.
The same were a 
few weeks afterward exposed for sale in the streets of Dodge City, Kans.
A band of young 
Cheyennes, led by Little Robe's son, attempted to recover them, but were
unsuccessful, and, 
stealing the first stock they came to on the Kansas border, attempted to
regain their camps, 
but were followed, the stock recaptured, and Little Robe's son badly wounded
by a party of 
United States cavalry who happened to be patroling the southern border of
Kansas about 
that time. Soon afterward a united attack of Kiowas, Comanches, and Cheyennes
was made 
on the buffalo-hunters south and west of Camp Supply, and it became apparent
that we 
were to experience serious trouble on the plains. Friendly Arapahoes came
and notified us 
of the hostile feeling of the Cheyennes and our unsafe condition at the agency,
and as a 
further proof of friendship furnished an Indian police force, who took charge
of the agency 
from sunset to daylight. No violence occurred at the agency until the night
of the 21st of 
Fifthmonth, 1874, when John F. Holloway, agency employ6, son of our worthy
agency 
physician, J. Holloway, M. D., was assassinated while attending upon a comrade
who had 
the misfortune to get a leg broken. The killing of young Holloway remains
a mystery, yet 
some evidence seems to point towards a young Arapahoe, who, with a party
of fourteen, left 
the agency two days after the assassination and went north. The next sad
loss that we have 
sustained was the killing of our two worthy and faithful herders, Charles
M. Monohan and 
Edward O'Leary, which occurred during this month. On the night of the 7th
instant we 
had a very severe rain and wind storm, (first of the season,) during which
about 100 head 
of our cattle stampeded. On the morninig of the 9th, the two men left the
vicinity of the 
agency on the trail of the cattle, which led in the direction of the main
Canadian River 
-I 


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