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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874

[Indian Territory],   pp. 218-238 PDF (10.2 MB)

Page 222

would be required should be established on the reservation, and Indian apprentices
and taught the trades. 
The good effects of exeuipm into the civilized portions of the country, including
to Washington, may be seen ia the present troubles. Only one of all who abcompanied
Captain Alvord to WashingWn two years ago, is now among the hostile, and
he, prompted 
by a desire to avenge the death of a son became involved. 
The influence of missionary labor in their camps has also a very good effect.
The influ- 
ence of Thomas C. Battey is now showiag good fruits among the KIwas, with
whom he 
was most intimately associated. Most allof them are enrolled on the s  W
eof- e. 
It will require a-long time and ia r patient labor to get them to give pkir
habits and become dwellers in fixe&4*h- ins, so strong are their su tious
amounting to a controllingelement in theirfidures--oeof which causes them
to at once 
change location upon the death of a relative; aad yrapid advancement
in civilization 
can be expected of them until many of thesw       are overcome. Our schools
a very interesting session on the last of Fifthmonth. I inclose teacher's
report; three of 
the boys were learning the carpenter and two the blacksmith trades, and making
able progress in both. 
My experience with these people satisfies me that they are susceptible of
civilization and 
christianization. Many of their peculiarities must and can be overcome. When
their raid- 
ing habits are broken up, one important step will be gained. I am satisfied
that, however 
honest in their endeavors and hard they may work, the chiefs cannot always
control all their 
young men; many of them will break from under the power and commit depredations.
cially is it and will it be so long as the depredations of white men continue
on them, 
which might be controlled or stopped by a proper police or marshal force.
With a United 
States judge or commissioner here before whom bad white men as well as bad
Indians might 
be brought to justice, and proper protection given from the raids of horse-thieves
as well as 
the pernici,.us influence of whisky peddlers; then will they cease to be
a terror to the fron- 
tiers or a source of anxiety to the Government. 
In connection with the remarks about the Apaches, I should state that A.
J. Standing, 
employed as a teacher among them, commenced work in the spring, which bid
fair to be 
very successful, but, like many other branches of our work, was broken up
by the present 
troubles, much to their regret as well as ours. And yet, notwithstanding
the many discour- 
agements of the year, I feel that I have much for which to be thankful. 
Very respectfully, &c., 
United States Indian Agent. 
No. 20. 
Ninthmont4s 1, 1874. 
ESTEEMED FRIEND: In compliance with the regulations of the Indian Department,
I here- 
with submit my fifth annual report of the condition of affairs at this agency,
and Indians 
under my charge. 
The population of the Osages, according to last enrollment, is 2,872; the
actual number I 
believe to be over 3,000. 
As usual, about five-sixths of the tribe went to the plains in the fall,
and remained there 
during the winter, procuring their support mainly from the buffalo. They
returned in the 
spring with a good supply of dried meat and tallow to subsist upon until
they planted their 
crops of corn and vegetables. The number of robes obtained was about 10,800,
for which, 
with their small furs, they realized about $68,000 from their traders, in
coffee, sugar, flour, 
blankets. calico, and other necessaries. 
The one-sixth that remained on the reservation embraced the mixed-bloods,
about three 
hundred in number, who are educated and wear citizens' dress, most of three
bands of full- 
bloods who are nearly civilized, and some of other bands who are civilizing,
besides a por- 
tion of the sick and aged.' Nearly all the half-breed families have good
houses and farms, 
with from 20 to 100 acres in cultivation, and self-supporting. About seventy-five
of the civilizing full-bloods are living in comfortable hewed-log houses,
with from 5 to 20 
acres improved; a few of them have wagons, farming-implements, and milch-cows;
all of 
them have horses, hogs, and poultry. Most of these wer engaged in splitting
rails, making 
fence, cutting house-logs, building houses, and farm-work, or as temporary
and regular em- 
ployds at the agency. For this labor a reasonable compensation was paid them,
which was 
generally expended with the traders wisely and economically, making a fair
support. Stinted 
issues of rations were occasionally made where proper exertion did not bring
necessary food. 
Two hundred families that went on the hunt have from 1 to 5 acres of prairie
in cultiva- 

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