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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Kansas],   pp. 211-218 PDF (3.9 MB)


Page 216

216     REPORT    OF THE     COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS. 
ernment lands secured by treaties for settlement of Indians, and that negotiations
be entered 
into with the civilized for the sale of a portion of their diminished reservations
for similar 
settlements. 
If Indians of this description can be located in pursuance of this recommendation,
the in- 
ducement for opening the Territory for citizen occupancy will be removed,
and the Indian 
mind quieted. A territorial government, embracing the Indian Territory, possessing
legisla- 
tive, judicial, and executive power, and strictly guarding all treaty rights,
or the organi- 
zation of a judiciary in harmony with the Indian treaties in said Territory,
would be a 
check to the many intrusions upon the property and rights of the Indians,
which have been 
so detrimental to our labor among the Indians of the plains, and would encourage
the latter 
in pacific relations, and the located tribes to renewed confidence in their
desires for advance- 
ment in all the avenues to enterprise and civilization. 
This report has been delayed awaiting that of Agent John D. Miles, of the.Upper
Arkan- 
sas agency, which I have received this day via Washington. 
Very respectfully,                                   ENOCH HOAG, 
Superintendent. 
KICKAPOO AGENCY, KANSAS, 
Ninthmonth 7, 1874. 
EDWARD P. SMITH, 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C: 
In presenting this my annual report of this agency, I am pleased to assure
the Department 
that there has been steady improvement manifested by the Indians, especially
noticeable in 
the better repair of their farms and thorough cultivation of their crops,
and to some extent in 
all the avenues of civilized life. 
The health of the tribe has been good in the main, though a decrease of eight
from last 
year is shown by a correct cbnsus. The deaths occurring have been mostly
of infants and 
adults constitutionally inclined to consumption. 
The statistics show a large decrease in number of horses, (ponies,) which
is accounted for 
by our being the victim of two "friendly visits " from neighboring
tribes, on which occa- 
sions they gave away a number of ponies, notwithstanding my earnest protest
against the 
"time-honored " custom ; and I would suggest the propriety of instituting
some measure 
whereby friendly relations can be maintained between tribes without tolerating
the demor- 
alizing influence of visiting en masse. Also another cause of decrease is
attributable to my 
having advised and assisted them in disposing of some of their most worthless,
and receiving in 
their stead a less number of larger, horses, with which they can do better
farming, and 
thereby avoid the expense of wintering stock that is of no real benefit to
them. 
The tribe is very well supplied with agricultural implements, and have made
pretty good 
use of them the past season, though the result of their labors is anything
but gratifying and 
encouraging to them. 
A sufficient breadth of wheat (winter and spring) was sown to amply bread
the tribe, from 
which we can only report an entire failure, it being destroyed by chinch-bugs
; oats, not a half 
crop; while corn, beans, pumpkins, potatoes, and other vegetables, which
are their main 
dependence during winter, were rendered an entire failure by drought and
mrasshoppers, 
which has very much discouraged the Indians, as they must necessarily suffer
therefrom, 
not having sufficient annuity to furnish the necessaries of life. 
There is still a desire on the part of a number of the tribe to join the
Mexican Kickapoos 
in a home in the Indian Territory; and if such a consolidation is anticipated
by the Depart. 
ment, it would be well to give them such privilege soon, as they are not
inclined to make 
much improvement in the way of farms here while anticipating removal, as
many of them do. 
The mission-school has been well attended, especially for nine months past;
yet there are 
a few children in the tribe who cannot as yet be reached by its influence;
and it would seem 
that something in the shape of compulsory attendance would be of lasting
benefit to them. 
Those who do attend have made very fair improvement both in literary and
domestic edu- 
cation-so much in the latter, that the parents of some of the larger girls
are inclined to keep 
them at home as "cooks."  Donations to the school have not been
sufficient to clothe the 
children as we would like in every case, and the tribe's fund is not sufficient
to clothe and 
otherwise support the school and furnish the necessary farming-implements
to those deserv- 
ing in the tribe ; hence we have had to be very economical in that respect.
There is but little change to note in the religious aspect of the tribe.
The two churches 
are regularly kept up, with about the same number of members; myself attending
when 
practicable. The exercises are of a very solemn and impressive character,
and evince a deep 
interest on their part in their future state of existence. 
Respectfully submitted. 
B. H. MILES, 
United States Indian Agent 


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