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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874

[Kansas],   pp. 211-218 PDF (3.9 MB)

Page 213

troduction to pastoral life. Instead of buying beef for subsistence, they
should raise it, 
and benefit by its increase and growth. 
These Indians were recently removed from Kansas to the Indian Territory,
are located 
on a portion bf the Osage purchase, and are for the first time placed in
a position to make 
permanent improvement and advancement to a better life. Through the energy
of their 
late agent, Mahlon Stubbs, they are provided with convenient and commodious
agency and 
school buildings. The location was selected with great care, having in view
productive soil, 
timber, and water, and delightful senery, affording excellent natural advantages,
the Indians appear to appreciate by locating individual claims and improving
new homes. 
Their manual-labor school is well patronized by an enrollment of fifty-four
pupils. They 
are under the jurisdiction of Agent Gibson, their agency having been discontinued.
These Indians, under the care of Agent Pickering, are steadily and perceptibly
Many have settled, and are cultivating lots, building log houses, and commencing
in stock- 
raising. They have a commodious boarding and school house, and a good manual-labor
farm. The latter is well managed, and school encouragingly patronized, with
an enrollment 
of sixty-one pupils. 
under the same agent, are industrious and self-supporting; are largely engaged
in pastoral 
enterprises; have no aid from the Government except in the education of their
They have a successful day-school, with an enrollment of twenty scholars;
have taken land 
in severalty, and are advancing with much iencouragement. 
These Indians have, for many years, been a great annoyance to Western Texas,
and bring 
with them a bad record. They are located north of the Absentee Shawnees and
the Sacs and Foxes, and are friendly to said tribes; are within the Sac and
Fox agency, and 
thus located, at a distance from border influences, we may be able to promote
their advance- 
ment. Their children should be gathered into schools and the adults settled
on individual 
allotments, and assisted and encouraged to self-support and self-reliance.
They having n o 
means of their own, I recommend liberal appropriation to aid them herein
until they can 
attain to the status of their neighbors. With due attention to their interests,
I apprehend 
their kindred in Kansas will remove to them at some period not very distant.
The seven tribes in this agency, under the charge of Agent Jones, are advancing
to a 
better life, with much encouragement. 
The three mission manual-labor boarding-schools and one day-school have been
well pa- 
tronized, and most of the youth are making commendable progress in education.
Most of 
the adults are also giving satisfactory evidence of improvement in civilization
and Christian 
The Modocs, recently transferred to this agency, are loyal, peaceable, and
About thirty of their children are provided for at the Quapaw mission, and
several more 
wiil enter next term. They are susceptible of rapid improvement. These Indians,
lately at 
war, are well pleased with their location and treatment on their new homes
among a friendly 
people. They earnestly request that the remnant of their tribe, left behind,
be transferred to 
The Miamies and Peorias are suffering from the delay in executing the law
providing for 
their consolidation and final settlement on the Peoria reserve. These two
tribes have school- 
funds ample to provide well for the education of all their children, yet,
in consequence of this 
delay, they are deprived of proper school advantages. I recommend early attention
to this 
important interest. 
The Quapaws have made less progress than any other tribe in the agency. They
not sufficient funds to aid them in civilization. They have too much land
which is no 
income to them, a portion of which should be purchased for homes for migrating
and I would suggest whether any better location can be found for civilizing
hostile Indians. 
A sale as herein indicated would furnish this tribe with means to advance
their best inter- 
ests, and fill up their waste lands with kindred tribes. Another consideration
of vital inter- 
est, in settling these unoccupied lands on the border by Indians, is to cut
off the covetous 
pressure for settling and holding the same by white citizens. 
The Wyandottes, Senecas, and Eastern Shawnees are all doing well, and, in
a good 
degree, enjoy the common comforts of lif'e. Their improvements compare favorably

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