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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1864
([1864])

Montana superintendency,   pp. 293-303 PDF (4.8 MB)


Page 298

298                 MONTANA SUPERINTENDENCY. 
time-honored custom should be abolished, and the Indian trade opened to all
who 
are disposed to embark in it. 
I have had no intercourse with the neighboring tribes of Indians except the
Crows. My ideas in relation to this tribe were related to you in my letter
of 
March 25.   I still firmly adhere to the recommendations contained in that
letter. 
Important changes have taken place in this country during the last two years.
Extensive gold fields have been discovered, and millions of gold dust secured;
emigration has wended its way here by thousands, and at this present time
a 
population of not less than thirty thousand are within the limits of this
Terri- 
tory. The trade of the country is extensive and rapidly increasing; over
one 
thousand tons of freight has passed through this place the present season,
and 
this is but a very small portion of what has been received in the Territory.
Hundreds of men are now in the mountains prospecting for the "precious
metal.," 
and new placers and leads are being discovered weekly; the pick and shovel
are in constant and daily use; the valleys and streams are being occupied
for 
agricultural purposes, and everything indicates activity, thrift, and prosperity.
The future of the Territory is indeed hopeful., With these facts before us,
the 
question naturally arises, what policy shall be pursued towards the IndiansI
This subject demands the most serious attention of the department, and I
hope 
will receive that consideration the coming year which its importance imperatively
demands. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
GAD. E. UPSON, 
U. S. Indian Agent, Montana Territory. 
H=on. W. P:. DOLE, 
Commissioner Indian Affairs, Vashington, D. C. 
No. 138. 
FORT BENTON, September 1, 1864. 
SIR: I respectfully submit the following report of Sun River farm during
the past year: I took possession of the farm on the 1st of January of this
year. 
I found the houses and fences very much in need of repair; the tillable ground
much overgrown with weeds and brush, and things generally in about as unfit
condition for farming purposes as could well be imagined. 
During the fore part of the month of January I had no teams to work with,
and I busied myself with repairing the houses, fitting up farming utensils,
and 
getting wood as best I could. About the middle of the month I received two
span of mules and immediately commenced hauling wood for house use, and logs
for building a stock corral, repairing and removing fences, and clearing
the land 
for cultivation. These duties occupied my time until the 1st of March. During
the fore part of this month, by your direction, I had an examination made
of the 
river for two miles above the farm, by a competent person, to see if it was
practi- 
cable to run a ditch and bring water for purposes of irrigation. The levels
were 
taken, and a road cut; the object was found to be impracticable without extend-
ing the ditch further up the river, causing great expense, and it was abandoned.
Some two weeks were spent in this examination. During the remainder of May
I prepared and planted ground as exhibited in the following table: 
Ground prepared for cultivation ........... .........120 acres. 
Spring wheat sown....................15                   " 
Oats          "  -". . . .  . . .. . . . . .   . ..   10  "
Barley........................................2           " 


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