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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1864
([1864])

Colorado superintendency,   pp. 216-258 PDF (17.3 MB)


Page 256

256 
COLORADO SUPERINTENDENCY. 
No. 111. 
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, 
Office Indian Affairs, October 15, 1864. 
SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 29th
ultimo, stating that at a council held with certain Arapahoes and Cheyenne
In- 
dians, you informed them, in answer to their expressed desire for peace,
that 
you had no treaty to make with them, that they must make terms with the mil-
itary authority. In reply, I have to say that while I approve of your course
as 
a matter of necessity, while these indians and the military authorities are
at war, and the civil authority is in abeyance, yet, as superintendent of
Indian 
affairs, it is your duty to hold yourself in readiness to encourage and receive
the first intimations of a desire on the part of the Indians for a permanent
peace, and to co-operate with the military in securing a treaty of peace
and 
amity. 
I cannot help believing that very much of the difficulty on the plains might
have been avoided, if a spirit of conciliation had been exercised by the
military 
and others. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
W. P. DOLE, Commissioner. 
His Excellency JOHN EVANS, 
Governor, 4c., Denver, Colorado Territory. 
No. 112. 
GOVERNOR: In obedience to instructions I transmit to you this report, en-
closing account for 4th quarter, 1863. 
Having returned with you from the treaty ground on the Republican, I pro-
ceeded, by your directions, to Fort Lyon, where I arrived October 16, and
re- 
ported to Major Colley. He told me that the Indians of his agency would be
glad to see me, as some of them had suffered terribly with the small-pox,
and 
were anxious to be vaccinated. I found this to be true, especially among
the 
Arapahoes, many of whom are badly pitted. When I had finished the work 
necessary to be done in the vicinity of Fort Lyon, Major Colley expressed
a 
wish that I would vaccinate the remainder of the Indians of his agency, inclu-
ding the Kiowas, Comanches and Apaches, who were mostly in western Kan- 
sas, near Fort Larned. As they were out o2 the Territory of Colorado, I 
thought proper to ask your permission; as soon as I received your answer
in- 
structing me to go to Larned and report to and be governed by M-ajor Colley's
directions, I left Fort Lyon." On my way down the Arkansas river I vaccinated
a number of bands of Indians who were en route to Pawnee Fork, Walnut 
Creek and other localities, where the buffaloes were said to be numerous.
Twenty-five or thirty lodges were encamped at the old Santa Fe crossing ;
and 
had been there some time, unable to move on account of sickness. These were
very poor. There were no buffaloes near them, and they seemed to be subsist-
ing chiefly on emigrant's cattle that had died of disease in passing through
the 
country.  I have no doubt but their destitution and this unwholesome food
caused the erysipelas, that was prevailing among them. They also had the
whooping-cough and diarrhoea. I continued my labors among them in the vi-
cinity of Larmed, until I had used up my stock of vaccine virus; I tried
to get 
some from the post physician, but he had none. At his suggestion I went to
St. Louis for a supply, and having obtained thirty crusts, I have, after
many 


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