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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1861

Utah superintendency,   pp. 129-141 PDF (5.5 MB)

Page 137

October 1, 1861. 
SIR: In compliance with your request, received on the 27th ultimo, (through
Mr. Atwood,) I proceeded immediately to the Corn Creek Indian reservation,
in Millard county, in this Territory, and examined the Indian farm on said
The farm, however, is not enclosed with a fence, as I had previously sup-
posed. The Indians have been compelled to herd their stock, to keep it, as
as many of the horses and cattle belonging to the whites, running in that
vicinity, from destroying their crops; in which case they have been known
shoot arrows, wounding some and killing others of those belonging to the
There are no improvements upon the farm whatever, further than ploiughing,
except a small double log cabin, very much out of repair. The facilities,
ever, for fencing are very good, as good cedar timber can be procured at
a dis- 
tance of from three to four miles. This could be accomplished at a cost of
about two dollars per rod. 
In my opinion, the amount of land that would be requisite, and should be
fenced, for the demands of the Indians there, would not exceed one hundred
There are two yoke of oxen, belonging to the government, now in the hands
of Mr. Peter Robinson, who is acting temporary agent of this farm. With the
assistance of these, together with some nine or ten old spades and shovels,
have managed to raise about two hundred bushels of wheat, and two hundred
and fifty bushels of corn the present year, without any further assistance
the part of the government. 
These Indians, the Pah-Utes, are very industrious, and solicit the aid of
the government, in the strongest terms, in their behalf. They complain most
bitterly of your predecessors holding out inducements, and making them many
promises which they never fulfilled. 
If any Indians are entitled to and merit the aid of the government, they
are these. 
I was further informed that Major Humphreys had taken away many of the 
implements, such as ploughs, hoes, harrows, and wagons, from this as well
the San Pete Indian reservation, and disposed of tem. This has quite dis-
couraged the poor Indians, which causes them to ask if the great father has
thrown them away. 
Kanosh, their chief, together with some of his men, have now gone to the
Navajoes, on a trading expedition, leaving others of his band to thresh and
their grain. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 
Major H. MARTIN, 
Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Utah Territory. 
The San Pete Indian farm I have been unable to visit, but have information
through Mr. Peter Boyce, a very respectable, and, I learn, a reliable man,
resides near there, that everything there is in a destitute condition. 
He thinks that about a thousand dollars, judiciously expended in agricultural
implements and repairs, would put the farm in a condition to be of much benefit
to the Indians in that section. 
He also states that the Indians there are a very peaceable and industrious
people, and express a strong desire to do something for themselves in the
of farming, and, he thinks, with proper encouragement on the part of the
ernment, they could be made quite comfortable and contented. 

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