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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1855

[Central superintendency],   pp. 68-118 PDF (20.8 MB)

Page 105

fruits of his labor. It would be impolitic to discourage them in their 
aspirations, for it is seldom you find a body of Indians so well dis- 
posed as they are, and they ought to be met with the cheer of, God 
speed the work. 
Yours respectfully, 
Superintendent lanual Labor School. 
Pottawatomie Agent, Kansas Territory. 
No. 40. 
SAC AND Fox AGENCY, September 1, 1855. 
SIR: Since my last annual report, so far as I have been able to dis- 
cover, no important changes have taken place to better the condition 
of the Indians in this agency. We have an abundant reason to be 
thankful for the fine prospect of a plentiful harvest of every kind; 
this has been an exceeding good season so far, for farming, and I 
think the Indians will raise a bountiful supply of the various articles 
planted by them. With the exception of a few cases of cholera in the 
spring, which generally proved fatal, there has scarcely been any 
sickness. The tribes under my care are the Sac and Foxes of Mis- 
sissippi, the Ottawas and Chippewas of Swan Creek and Black River. 
The Sac and Fox Indians have just returned from their spring hunt; 
they report having seen but few buffalo, and a great many Indians on 
the prairie in search of game. These Indians (a majority of them) are 
in the habit of getting drunk whenever liquor can be procured, and I 
am sorry to say, since the settlement of the territory, the facility of 
obtaining it has been greater than before it was open to settlement. 
I entertain some hope that they can be induced to quit the use of 
whiskey, to a partial extent at least; a large council was held a few 
days ago at the agency; by an act of their own, they resolved, "that
any one of their tribe bringing liquor into the nation should forfeit 
his right to draw in the annuity funds for the ensuing payment." I 
enclose you a copy of a memorial presented to the legislature of Kan- 
sas Territory, in regard to white men selling liquor to Indians. 
An efficient law passed by the present legislature, to prevent the sale 
of intoxicating liquors to the Indians, would do much towards the 
civilization of our Indian population, and nio doubt be the means of 
preventing disturbances among the citizens of the territory. I ask 
that it be published as a part of this report. 
The Rev. J. Meeker, of the Baptist Missionary Board, located 
among the Ottawa Indians, died in January last, his death will be a 
great loss to them; he came among them some twenty years ago. 
They owe what advancement they have made in civilization to him 
and his family. 
I am clearly of opinion it would be a forward movement towards 

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