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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1855

[Minnesota superintendency],   pp. 48-68 PDF (8.7 MB)

Page 58

dollars per barrel for flour, and twenty-five cents per pound for 
brown sugar; while at Mankate, two miles from here, and but three 
miles north of the reservation, pork could be had for twenty-five 
dollars per barrel, flour -for seventeen dollars per barrel, and sugar 
for twelve and a half cents per pound. For dry goods and fancy 
articles the Indians usually pay large profits, -much larger than 
country merchants charge their customers; and when it is taken into 
consideration that this tribe now use many articles of dry goods, as 
well as groceries, in common use in civilized life, it will be seen that
the tax they annually pay for the support of a licensed monopoly is 
far from inconsiderable. 
'Indians should be kept, as much as possible, within their treaty 
limits; proper regulations concerning trade with them would have a 
tendency to effect this, and at the same time secure to them all the 
advantages they could desire by going out of their country to trade. 
Goods can be furnished them on as reasonable terms in their own 
country as elsewhere. 
It would be a great saving to this tribe if a part of their money 
annuity was expended" by the department in the purchase of suitable
and necessary articles of merchandise for them; but to this they have 
uniformly objected, the traders having it in their power, by presents 
to the chiefs and braves, for which the tribe eventually pay dear, to 
control this matter. 
At the annuity payment in July last, 1,715 of the tribe were 
present, including some 208 who removed here from Root river, in 
the south part of this Territory. A delegation is now on a visit to 
them of the tribe who are living southwest of the Missouri river, tha 
object being to persuade them to join the main body of the tribe here. 
Since their removal to this reservation, these Indians have con- 
ducted themselves well; they have been temperate, and consequently 
have lived quietly among themselves and peaceably with their 
Letters intended for persons residing here should be addressed to 
the Winnebago Agency, via Mankate, Blue Earth county, Minnesota 
Respectfully submitted. 
Indian Agent. 
His Excellency W. A. GORMAN, 
Gov. and Sup't of IndianAffairs, St. Paul. 
No. 17. 
Sioux AGENCY, September 22, 1855. 
Srn: I have still to regret that part of the Medawakantoan and 
the whole of the Wahpekuti bands have failed to perform their 
promise to come on to the reserve, although an ample amount of land 
was ready for them, as must be obvious from the fact that 100 acres of 

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