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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Report of mine inspector for Indian territory,   pp. 641-704 PDF (25.9 MB)

Page 642

tory, there were, as shown by my previous report, 117 openings in 
operation, of which 22 have been abandoned during the past year, 
and 14 new mines have been opened, thus reducing the number of 
openings, as shown by this report, to 109, or 8 less than shown by my 
previous report. It must be carefully noted, however, that of the 22 
mines abandoned, nearly all were small openings, some of which pro- 
duced but little coal, and in one or two instances openings which had 
produced no coal at all, while the new openings are of a larger and 
more substantial character, the fact being that the productive capacity 
of the mines now in operation in the Indian Territory is largely in- 
creased, and if run to their full capacity, or even to a reasonable pro-
portion of their full capacity-say twenty days per month-are suffi- 
cient to double the present production of the Indian Territory. This 
may be more completely understood when it is stated that a careful 
calculation of the output of six of the leading systems of coal com- 
panies in this Territory show a productive capacity equal to the entire 
production for the past year. 
Details of production show that the total production for the cur- 
rent year was 2,970,961 tons, while the output for the year ended 
June 30, 1904, was 3,320,05.7 tons, showing a decrease, as above stated,
of 349,096 tons. 
The field of coal operations in the Indian Territory is constantly 
widening, it having been in the past years that nearly all the coal 
produced was mined within the limits of the Choctaw Nation. A 
large number of operations have been commenced during the past two 
years in the Creek Nation and in the Cherokee Nation, and these 
operations being on virgin fields it may confidently be anticipated 
that the production from these nations will show an increasing 
percentage of the production for the years to come, as it does during 
the past year. A statement will be found under the proper head 
showing the amount of shipments on all the railroads throughout the 
On account of the constantly widening field and the constant de- 
mands on the inspector for investigations and inspections, the work 
of the past year has been at least as arduous as that of the previous 
I regret to say that the number of accidents in the Indian Terri- 
tory has not diminished in proportion to the production of coal, there 
being during the past year 114 accidents reported to me, and which 
have required investigation, as against 99 for the previous year, or 
an increase of 15 accidents. Statements of the causes and character 
of these accidents will be given in full under the head of "Accidents."
It may be well, however, to allude to the fact that we had a very 
serious and unexplained accident, causing the death of 13 men, in the 
month of April, 1905, which accident alone would almost account for 
the increase. 
Some allusion was made in my last report to the opening up of a 
new field near Henryetta, Ind. T. Considerable activity has been 
shown in that region during the past year, and while the tonnage has 
not largely increased, there is no doubt that as the land becomes 
easier to obtain and the conditions are more thoroughly understood 

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