University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in New Mexico,   pp. 260-277 PDF (8.8 MB)


Page 276

276   REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
Amount earned by the Indians was as follows: 
Workfig at the dam    ----------------------------$8,432. 10 
Sale of wool, skins, etc --------------------------12,600.00 
Sale of wood - --------------                          380.00 
Freighting---------------------------------------        81.75 
Sale of hay   -------------------------------------175.00 
School.-School opened last September with a few children, nearly all being
away at their farming places. During the fall they returned to the pueblo
when we had a full school. The Indians every year are realizing the fact
that 
they must educate their children. The monthly report of schools shows this.
Our school has a capacity of 60, but nearly all winter we have had an average
of 100, which was really more than we could do justice to. 
There has been no sickness; the children are bathed every week and given
clean 
clothes. The diet Is varied, the food abundant, excellent, and always well
pre- 
pared. After general school exercises in the morning, the detail is sent
out 
to the kitchen, laundry, sewing room, and outside work. Each department has
an efficient employee to Instruct them, and it is remarkable the interest
they 
take, and the manner In which they do their work. 
The school closed on the 31st of May, and all the employees were furloughed
for thirty days except the superintendent, physician, and agency employees.
The school buildings consist of oiie school building, one employees' quarters,
and one laundry, 
Ayriculture.-This year has been an unprecedented one for the heavy fall of
rain and snow, which has covered the country with grass, which has not been
seen for years, I have never seen the stock in such good condition at this
time of 
the year as they are now. The prospects are bright for a big yield in everything
raised by the Indians. The following is the amount and kind of crops grown:
5,000 bushels of wheat, 11,000 bushels of corn, 382 bushels of onions, and
2,000 
bushels of beans. 
The indians have stock as follows: 800 horses, 200 mules, 150 burros, 600
cattle, 40 swine, 30,000 sheep, 2,500 goats, and 150 fowls. 
Last fall I purchased 300 fine Merino bucks for breeding purposes. I bought
them in Idaho at $9 per head delivered. Disinterested persons said they were
the finest lot of Merino stock bucks they had seen. They will shear on an
average of 25 pounds each. The lambs this year show the blood, and in two
or 
three years the Zunii will realize the benefit in increase of wool. Their
sheep 
now shear on an average of 24 pounds to a sheep. I have recommended a 
dipping plant be built for the use of the Indians to dip their sheep. The
sheep are very scabby and the fine bucks are becoming infected. 
I also purchased a fine registered Missouri jack, 141 hands high, 800 pounds,
3 years old, for $500 delivered. He has been bred to a number of Zuffi mares,
and I am in hopes in a few years to show some good-sized mules, which the
Indians are anxious to have. 
Irrigation and new school building.-The dam which is being built at the 
Blackrocks, under the supervision of Mr. John B. Harper, superintendent of
irrigation, is progressing as fast as can be done with Indian labor. It shows
now the massive structure it will be when finished. 
The new boarding-school buildings were nearly completed when, last May, 
Mills & Son, contractors, abandoned the work, leaving their workmen and
anum- 
ber of others unpaid. Negotiations are now in progress in which we hope an
early settlement will be made and buildings be completed by September 1.
General condition of the Pueblo.-There has been one serious accident and
a 
few minor ones, which received prompt attention from the physician. There
has 
been very little sickness in the pueblo during the past year. It is owing
to the 
sanitary condition, which is strictly seen after by the physician and field
matron, 
whose reports I herewith give: 
Dr, Edward J. Davis says: 
The year Just closed has been marked by an unusual rainfall and consequent
large 
number of diseases referable to the respiratory organs. The mortality, however,
from 
these diseases has been very small. There has been a slight decrease In size
of popu- 
Iptlon during the year as compared with the one previous. 
While there have been a large number of cases of minor surgery among the
Indians 
employed on the dam, up to date we have had only one very serious case of
injury. This 
case recovered after months of most careful attention. 
The Zufii have shown a slight improvement in the matter of depending upon
American 
medicines and methods of treating the sick. The number of venereal cases
has been very 
small, but this can not be taken as evidence of their freedom from this disease,
There is 
f prejudicq among them against reporting such cases. 


Go up to Top of Page