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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in New Mexico,   pp. 260-277 PDF (8.8 MB)


Page 272

272     REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
The deep well was completed to within 16 feet of the contract, and the same
was accepted. Water was struck at 100 feet from the surface, and the drill
was in water until the well was completed. Sand and gravel was the principal
soil encountered, and it became necessary to reduce from a 12-inch.casing
at 
220 feet to an 8-inch, and this was reduced to a 6-inch at about 800 feet,
so 
that over 2,000 feet of casing was used in drilling the well. None of the
out- 
side casing was removed or drawn when finished. The water rose to within
57 feet of the surface when finished, and a Cook deep-well pump has been
pur- 
chased and will soon be installed and the water used for irrigation. It would
seem that if the contractor could have gone 200 feet deeper or thereabouts
that a flow might have been encountered, as toward the finish cement strata
were encountered, and when the drill went through these the water rose some-
what in the pipe. A thorough test of the capacity of the well will be made
just as soon as the pump can be installed. 
Athletics.-Considerable interest has been shown in this line during the year.
Football has in part given way to baseball, and a fairly good team represented
the school. 
Outings.-A camp has been maintained in the Santa Fe canyon some 10 miles
from the city for the benefit of the children who remained at the school
during 
the summer. This camp has been at an elevation of over 8,000 feet in a beauti-
ful canyon, on a running brook stocked with trout. It has not only been a
pleasant outing for the children and something to break the monotony and
routine of school life, but has had a tendency to give health and vigor to
the 
Indian youth, who know how to love an outdoor life and close to nature. This
is not the first year that the children have enjoyed this outing, and have
learned 
to look forward to it with much pleasure. 
Religion.-A Sunday school for the entire school has been kept up till vaca-
tion. In addition to this the Sisters from St. Catherine Mission have held
a 
school of instruction on Sunday afternoons throughout the year for the Catholic
children. All of the children have been permitted to attend the churches
in the 
city, and conveyance has been furnished for the girls, while the boys have
had to 
walk. 
Health.-The health of the pupils has been better possibly during the past
year than ever, before. Not a single death and no serious illness occurred
out- 
side of some four cases of diphtheria which appeared in August last year.
Owing to our isolation wards in the hospital, we were able to manage these
few 
cases and keep it from becoming epidemic. 
Agency.-The supervision of the eleven pueblos in my district, which include
Taos, Picuris, San Juan, Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, Nambe, Tesuque, Jemez,
Cochiti, Santo Domingo, and Sia, has claimed considerable of my time. Living
as they do in eleven different villages or pueblos, questions are often referred
to me as the acting agent which require my personal presence; so it becomes
necessary to do considerable traveling, which for the most part must be done
with team. The acting agent must stand between the citizens of the Terri-
tory and these Indians, who are legally citizens, but who have never asked
for 
nor have they exercised the rights of citizenship. There are continually
coming 
up questions of water rights, land controversy, depredation claims, etc.,
and 
while there is an attorney for these Indians, they naturally come to their
acting 
agent. The Indian is generally right, and it is the common thing for the
citizen 
to attempt to rob the Indian of his inherited rights either in land or water-and
one is of equal value to the other in an irrigated country. 
I am happy to say that the last session of Congress added a clause to the
Indian appropriation bill which relieved the Pueblos from all back taxes
and 
exempts them from taxes in the future until Congress shall declare them ready
for this burden. 
The delegation of Pueblos that visited Washington in January have had much
information to impart to their people since their return. In addition to
the 
securing of the necessary legislation exempting them from taxation, they
have 
a better idea of our Government and what is expected of them. While in 
Wasliington they left a petition, drawn up by one of their number, a self-consti-
tuted chairman of the delegation, the delegate from Isleta. The whole question
embodied in this petition was simply that the Pueblos want to retain their
old 
customs and practice their ancient pagan rites as they have done for ages.
I 
am not nor was I favorable to any such petition, and regret that they were
not plainly told that they were citizens and must conform to the laws of
the 


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