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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in New Mexico,   pp. 260-277 PDF (8.8 MB)


Page 267

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN NEW           MEXICO.        267 
that of any previous year and commanded an exceedingly good price, while
the 
abundance of water, early grass, and careful supervision by an experienced
stockman enabled the Indians to save a larger percentage of lambs than has
yet 
been recorded in this Territory. For reasons which should be obvious, this
in- 
dustry has drifted into the control of a half dozen Indians-those who have
shown ability and adaptability. There is no reason why these few should not
become men of considerable means. 
The grazing permit system is still operative on the reservation. To guard
against overstocking the ranges, however, the number of head of cattle was
con- 
siderably reduced in April last, correspondingly the revenue from this source
will fall below that of 1904. 
It is gratifying to report that no crimes were committed by the Indians during
the past year. This may be attributed to the vigilance of the acting chief
of 
police in his efforts to suppress the manufacture of " tiswin."
The most important event of the fiscal year just ended was the issuing of
an 
order by Judge Edward A. Mann, of the sixth judicial district court of New
Mexico, restraining the Indinas and the superintendent from further "taking
or 
using the waters of the Rio Tularosa for other than domestic purposes."
At the 
request of this office, and on the -recommendation of the Department, the
United 
States attorney for the Territory was directed to represent the Indians and
the 
Government. The motion of the attorney to dismiss the injunction was over-
ruled. The injunction was therefore continued and will remain in force, unless
the referee appointed to take testimony in the cause should decide otherwise.
In order to assist the attorney in securing such evidence as should confirm
to 
the Indians a privilege which they have enjoyed without negation or interrup-
tion for more than a quarter of a century, as well as to make report on the
court proceedings that have thus far become matters of record, and to allay,
if 
possible, the inflamed minds of the Indians, who apprehend that they are
about 
to be robbed of a valuable possession, this office requested that an inspecting
official, charged with this especial undertaking, be sent to Mescalero. It
is 
gratifying to know that the request has been complied with, and especially
with 
the assignment of Inspector James E. Jenkins. 
Among the improvements for 1905 may be enumerated two cottages for agency
employees, blacksmith shop, meat house, school employees' quarters, two dormi-
tories, dining hall and kitchen, waterworks system, and a telephone line
from 
the agency to the sawmill. 
The enrollment at the school during 1905 was 128, the average attendance
124.. 
while the scholastic population was 118. Mescalero still enjoys the unique
dis- 
tinction of having an attendance in excess of the scholastic population.
Work 
in all the departments was highly satisfactory, considering the wretched
build- 
ings in which the pupils and employees have been quartered for so many years.
Fortunately the new buildings will be ready for occupancy by September 1,
the 
date for the opening of the next session. 
JAMES A. CARROLL, Superintendent. 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF NAVAHO ON SAN JUAN. 
SHIPROCK, N. MEX., August 12, 1905. 
The San Juan school is located on the Navaho Indian Reservation in north-
western New Mexico, 35 miles west of Farmington, N. Mex., and 70 miles south-
west of Durango, Colo., which at the present time is the nearest railroad
point. 
The Denver and Rio Grande Railway is constructing an extension of its line
from Durango, Colo., to Farmington, N. Mex., and the road will probably be
completed and in operation by October 1 of the present year. The school,
which 
is to be a boarding school with a capacity of 100 pupils, is not yet in operation.
The contract for the construction of a modern school plant at this point
has been 
let, work is progressing nicely at the present time, and the plant is to
be com- 
pleted by March 1, 1906. It is expected that the school will be started by
Sep- 
tember 1, 1906. 
The agency headquarters are at the San Juan school. That portion of the 
Navaho Indian Reservation under the charge of this school comprises an esti-
mated area of about 5,000 square miles, divided between New Mexico, Arizona,
and Utah, as follows: In northwestern New Mexico, 2,000 square miles; north-
eastern Arizona, 2,250 square miles; and southeastern Utah, about 750 square


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