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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Nevada,   pp. 254-260 PDF (3.5 MB)


Page 257

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN NEVADA. 
257 
trout are caught in this lake in large numbers and afford the Indians living
on 
this reservation not only with a substantial revenue, but also with a food
supply. During the fall and winter the lake abounds with water fowl of all
descriptions. 
The town site of Wadsworth.-The town of Wadsworth having been left off 
the reconstructed line of the Southern Pacific Railroad, has dwindled from
a 
prosperous railroad center of 2,500 people to an almost deserted village.
The 
people of the town failed to take advantage of the act of Congress passed
July 1, 1898, authorizing them to establish a town site upon the reservation;
and now, as the town is practically a thing of the past, no action will ever
be 
taken in the matter. 
Census.-The following is a recapitulation of the census taken June 30, 1905:
All ages (males, 285; females, 297)--------------------582 
Over 18 (males, 203; females, 217)--------------------420 
Children, 6 to 16 (males, 61; females, 56)----------------117 
The decrease is accounted for by the fact that a number of Indians followed
the railroad to the new town of Sparks. 
Indians and work.-The main industry of the Indians upon this reservation
is farming. They are good workers and continue to show advancement in 
every way. They not only work their own ranches in a most satisfactory man-
ner, but are in constant demand all over western Nevada as ranch hands 
for the white landowners. They are also excellent cattle hands and always
receive the same wages as their fellow-workers among the whites. More 
Indian land was placed under cultivation during the past year. The irriga-
tion ditch maintained by the Government furnished an ample supply of water.
During the past year the roads and fences have been kept in good repair by
the 
Indians. 
Education.-Excellent work has been accomplished in the school. The chil-
dren are happy and contented and no serious sickness has occurred. In April
5 pupils were transferred to the Phoenix school, Arizona, this being the
first transfer to be made in many years from here to a distant school, although
about 20 children from this reservation are attending the Indian school at
Carson City, in this State. 
Indian court and police.-There has been no punishment necessary to preserve
the best of order upon the reservation during the entire year. The judges
have 
settled some trivial disputes concerning land in a satisfactory way. The
Indian 
police have been efficient and rendered excellent service, and have patrolled
the 
reservation so as to keep off trespassing sheep and cattle men during the
year. 
Indian land under the reclamation act.-Referring to section 26- of act making
appropriations for Indians, approved April 24, 1904, which I quote, viz:
SEc. 26. That in carrying out any irrigation enterprise which may be undertaken
under the provisions of the reclamation act of June seventeenth, nineteen
hundred and 
two, and which may make possible and provide for, in connection with the
reclamation 
of other lands, the reclamation of all or any portion of the irrigable lands
on the Pyra- 
mid Lake Indian Reservation, Nevada, the Secretary of the Interior is hereby
authorized 
to reclaim, utilize, and dispose of any lands in said reservation which may
be irrigable 
by-such works in like manner as though the same were a part of the public
domain: Pro- 
vided, That there shall be reserved for and allotted to each of the Indians
belonging 
on the said reservation five acres of the irrigable lands. The remainder
of the lands 
Irrigable in said reservation shall be disposed of to settlers under the
provisions of the 
reclamation act: Provided further, That there shall be added to the charges
required to 
be paid under said act by settlers upon the unallotted Indian lands such
sum per acre as 
In the opinion of the Secretary of the Interior shall fairly represent the
value of the 
unallotted lands In said reservation before reclamation, said sum to be paid
in annual 
Installments in the same manner as the charges under the reclamation act.
Such addi- 
tional sum per acre, when paid, shall be used to pay Into the reclamation
fund the charges 
for the reclamation of the said allotted lands, and the remainder thereof
shall be placed 
to the credit of said Indians and shall be expended from time to time, under
the direction 
of the Secretary of the Interior, for their benefit. 
With the exception of making a preliminary survey there has been nothing
done toward carrying out the provisions of this law. Five acres of land is
not 
enough to support the Indian allottee. In many cases upon this reservation
Indians have from 15 to 25 acres of river bottom land under a first-class
irri- 
gation system. They have cleared and acquired this land by years of labor.
It does not seem right to deprive them of it now, and if the new proposed
reclamation ditch is to cover this land the act should be amended so as to
gfve 
these Indians at least 25 acres under the new system. Neither Indian nor
white 
man can make a living upon 5 acres of land in Nevada. 
FRED B. SPRIGGS, 
Superintendent in Charge of Nevada Agency. 
IND 1905-17 


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