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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Montana,   pp. 236-248 PDF (6.3 MB)


Page 239

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN MONTANA. 
239 
REPORT OP SUPERINTENDENT OF CROW AGENCY SCHOOL. 
CROW AGENCY, MONT., July 31, 1905. 
Attendance.-The total enrollment was 210 pupils. Thirty-one were transferred
to the 
Mission Day School at Lodge Grass, on this reservation, one sent to Rapid
City, S. Dak., 
and two to Haskell Institute. These Indians are greatly opposed to sending
their 
children away from the reservation to school and it is almost impossible
to get their con- 
sent. Nearly all the children were brought in promptly September 1. 
Health.-We are happy to say that while smallpox prevailed in its most virulent
form 
in the nearest town to us, by reason of your promptness in establishing and
maintaining 
a rigid quarantine not a case occurred in school. Yet from constitutional
and other causes 
the children, girls especially, suffer much from minor ailments, so that
much of the mat- 
orns time is taken up in exercising the duties of a nurse, causing much loss
of sleep and 
nervous strain and adding greatly to the burden of both matron and assistant.
The 
physician seems unable to account for this condition. 
Class-room work.-The class-room work, conducted by three teachers and kinder-
gartner, was very satisfactory. They worked harmoniously, trying as far as
practi- 
cable to follow the course of study laid out by our superintendent of Indian
schools. 
The evening work consisted of lessons in agriculture, physiology, and hygiene,
a sing- 
ing class, and several sewing classes. 
The school gardens were very successful. Every two children in school had
a garden 
20 feet square and under the charge of schoolroom teachers. The gardens created
great 
enthusiasm among both teachers and pupils, which was shared by about all
the employees. 
Forced vacation in June prevented full enjoyment of the results. 
Industrial work.-Special effort has been made along the various lines of
industrial 
work. Agriculture in all its various divisions for the boys and housekeeping
for the girls 
have been given first place. Other lines of work have not been neglected.
Boys showing 
special liking for such work have been detailed continuously to the agency
engineer and 
blacksmith. Our school carpenter has had details who have worked under his
instruction 
continuously for nearly a year. A very large amount of repairing has been
done with 
but little expense for material, the wreckage from Fort Custer being used
for this pur- 
pose, and also largely used in building a nice cottage for the farmer. Much
space would 
be required to enumerate the amount of repair work necessary where all the
buildings 
were in such a deplorable condition. 
When the order was received June 1 furloughing all the school employees,
except 
superintendent and industrial teacher, they conjointly took charge of the
farm, garden, 
and repair work, and with the assistance of the detail overhauled the boys'
and girls' 
home and schoolrooms, and now they are thoroughly cleaned, calcimined, ;Ind
painted. 
Although our farm equipment is yet very incomplete, much has been done on
the farm 
in preparation for the future. About 25 acres of sod have been plowed, some
of it in 
cultivation, most of it in preparation for next year's crops. All the sloughs
have been 
cleared up, and ditches repaired. The garden has been greatly enlarged and
a much 
greater variety of vegetables planted, all of which at this writing give
promise of abun- 
dant crops, with the possible exception of potatoes, which were greatly injured
by exces- 
sive rains. 
Acting upon the request of Inspector Chubbuck we have one-fourth acre of
sugar beets 
planted, the work upon them being done by both boys and girls under the direction
of the 
farmer, Indian teacher, and superintendent as an experiment to demonstrate
the feasi- 
bility of growing them as money crop upon this reservation. They have suffered
con- 
siderably from attacks of the blister beetle, but still look very promising.
From results 
I obtained from a small patch last year, I am satisfied that much of the
land on this 
reservation will produce beets abundantly and of high quality. If this industry
should be 
established here the school might grow sufficient acreage to train the children
how to 
plant, grow, and care for the crop. I should willingly undertake to do this
should it be 
thought best by those having the matter in charge. 
Religious instruction.-Mr. Burgess, the Congregational missionary, makes
helpful 
talks to the children Sunday evenings. The Catholic priest comes once a week
from the 
St. Xavier Mission for instruction to those desiring his help. We have our
regular 
Sunday school and Christian Endeavor services weekly, in which all the children
take part. 
The spirit of work seems present among employees and pupils. The results
of the past 
year's work are gratifying and we look hopefully forward into the future.
If we can 
teach these children the necessity for work, which all of this tribe must
soon have forced 
upon them, we will have done them great service. 
LORENZO D. CREEL, Superintendent. 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT OF PRYOR CREEK SCHOOL. 
PRYOR CREEK, MONT., August 10, 1905. 
The capacity of the school is 50. The enrollment for the year was 57, and
the average 
attendance was 54-boys, 30 ; girls, 24. Although every child physically capable
attended 
school, the average attendance was less than last year. The decrease was
due to the 
dismissal of pupils constitutionally defective, and the loss by death of
18 children from 
1 to 4 years of age during an epidemic of measles in 1901. Since the opening
of school 
two and one-half years ago only two pupils arrived at the age of admittance.
Health.-The health of the pupils in school has been good considering the
constitutional 
defects of the Crow. At the beginning of the school year 7 pupils were rejected
as 
unfit physically to attend; 3 of those died of tuberculosis. During the school
year 3 
more were dismissed on account of swollen glands; one of those later developed
tubercu- 
losis and died. There were several cases of tonsilitis. Aside from those,
no one was 
confined to bed. 
The pupils have been encouraged in outdoor amusements, and have been given
more or 
less liberty consistent with proper discipline, thereby gaining the good
will and confidence 
of the children as well as their parents. Further than this, it tended to
create a greater 
interest in their,*work and helped to improve their physical condition. The
school closed 
with 53 pupils, all In good physical condition. The majority of the large
boys Imme- 
diately sought and secured employment at road and ditch making. 
Buildings.--The buildings are all in good condition. Some minor repairs are
required. 
The main brick building needs new fioorinfg In the kitchen and boys' play
room. 


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