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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Montana,   pp. 236-248 PDF (6.3 MB)


Page 238

238      REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT             OF THE     INTERIOR. 
as a whole showed marked proficiency. Special lessons were given in house
cleaning, 
care of rooms, and in each branch of domestic work. The object lessons have
been given 
with the aim that dispatch, neatness, and economy were the essentials. 
The pupils, both boys and girls, have taken much interest in the care of
the garden, for 
there has been an abundance of green vegetables for the pupils' mess, which
they en- 
joyed. We consider ourselves fortunate this year, for we have the first successful
garden 
since the erection of the school. We have a variety of green vegetables-green
peas, 
lettuce, radishes, beets, turnips, onions, and parsnips-which add to the
bill of fare and 
are conducive to health. 
It is needless to say that this is a grazing country, and so far experiments
in raising 
grain have proved a failure; consequently the instructions given in farming
at this school 
have been limited. My object has been to teach the boys the care and management
of 
stock, the irrigation of hay lands, the provision of hay for feed, and the
raising of vege 
tables that can be grown in this climate. Potatoes sometimes fail here, but
it is worthy 
of giving them a trial every year. Fruit has not been attempted, as we have
antici- 
pated a change to the new school plant and farm, where surroundings will
be more favor- 
able for giving this experiment a trial. 
Buildings and improvements.-A new school plant has been erected north of
the Black- 
feet Agency, at a cost of about $53,000. It will be equipped with every necessary
con- 
venience-steam heat, gas, sewerage, and a water system, which will supply
snow water 
from a stream flowing from the mountains. The school is pleasantly located
on Cut 
Bank Creek, a short drive from the railroad station and the agency. With
these new 
advantages we expect greatly to increase the attndance the coming year, and
with a 
larger force of employees we anticipate a more prosperous school than we
have had in 
the past. 
GEORGE A. GAYMOND, Acting Superintendent. 
REPORT OF AGENT FOR CROW AGENCY. 
CROW AGENCY, MONT., September 2, 1905. 
We have had good results, and while the Indians have done much work and 
have taken interest in their individual home work, yet there is opportunity
for 
more improvement. We have bent our energies along the line of home building,
and I have spent nearly all of my time in visiting the Indians individually
at 
their own homes and have endeavored, as far as possible, to have them beautify
their places by setting out fruit and shade trees, making garden spots, and
build- 
ing houses and preparing yards for pigs and chickens. In fact, I have encouraged
them to surround themselves with the simple things that go to make a man's
home 
attractive and cause him to be contented and interested in the care of same.
In my frequent visits to the different districts the past year I have found
the 
Indians usually at their own homes and at work. During the past year not
one 
permit was issued to any Indian to visit other reservations. If these Indians
can 
be taught to be contented and stay at their own homes and wory a little over
the success of same, a great change will take place for the better in a short
time. I am glad to say that quite a number have actually done this the present
season. 
Irrigation.-While we have not had very much money, a great deal of lateral
work and bridge building has been done on the Big Horn Valley, and some 3,000
acres of small grain and a large acreage of bluestem hay was raised. Con-
siderable moneytwill be required to complete the system of laterals in order
to 
irrigate the entire 32,000 acres under this canal. Quite a number of able-
bodied Indians are allotted lands in localities that are not now irrigated,
but 
with the construction of the ditches recommended practically all will be
able to 
make their own living. On July 1st of this year the remaining 300 of our
ration Indians were cut off, and none of these Indians are now receiving
assistance. During the coming winter it may be necessary to support them
for a 
short time. Next'year I believe all the Crows will be self-supporting, either
from their work or leasing of lands. 
Allotment work.-The allotting of these Indians will be completed this fall,
and as each Indian now knows where his future home is to be, he is encouraged
to make permanent improvements there. 
Religion.-The various missionaries on this reservation are putting forward
their best efforts to help the Indians. 
A large acreage was planted this spring, the season was good, and we have
a 
large crop now being harvested and thrashed. It has taken hard work to bring
this about, but having good employees In every department who have worked
in 
harmony with the Indians and themselves, we have the results. With large
stacks of hay everywhere and three steam    thrashers and two steam    flouring
mills working extra time, I can freely say that we are prosperous. 
S. G. REYNOLDS, Indian Agent. 


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